in: Characters

Sonic the Hedgehog


This article is about the video game character. For other uses, see Sonic the Hedgehog (disambiguation).

Sonic the Hedgehog, born on June 23rd[1]“Profile: Sonic”. Sonic the Hedgehog Super Interactive Annual 2014. Pedigree Books. September 17, 2013. p. 14. ISBN 978-1908152077. “Sonic’s birthday is June 23rd and he was born on Christmas Island.”[2]Devra Newberger Speregen (September 2016). “5: Sonic’s Friends and Foes!”. Sonic: His Amazing History!. Scholastic. p. 55. ISBN 978-1338033236. “BIRTHDAY: June 23”[3]Yuji Naka / 中 裕司 on Twitter (Japanese)Twitter (June 23, 2020). Archived from the original on June 23, 2020. Retrieved on January 27, 2021. “Happy birthday Sonic!! 今日でソニックも29周年ですね。 6月23日をソニックの誕生日って僕が決めたのですが、今思うと色々と気になります。 ソニック誕生日にソニックナノブロックが届きました。 日本では今週映画ソニック公開で楽しみです。 みなさんソニックを長く愛してくれてありがとうございます”, is the iconic lead character of the Sonic the Hedgehog series and the mascot of Sega. He’s a hedgehog with anthropomorphic features, blessed with the extraordinary ability to move faster than the speed of sound, hence his name. In addition to his rapid pace, Sonic can curl into a ball to deliver powerful attacks, a trait inherent to his species.

Originating from Christmas Island, Sonic left his home early on to seek out excitement and thrills, embarking on a life of adventure.[4](in Japanese) SPEC vol. 7Sega Enterprises, Ltd.. November 1990. p. 79. “[R]まずは、出生地。[ソ]クリスマス・アイランド。君達の世界とは全く違った不思議な世界さ、ボクはそこで仲間達と暮らしてるんだ。” With his trusty companion Tails often by his side[5]Sonic the Hedgehog 2 Mega Drive Official Guide Book. Shogakukan. December 1992. p. 22. ISBN 978-4091024145.[6]Sonic the Hedgehog 3 Official Guide Book. Shogakukan. 1994. pp. 4-5. ISBN 978-4091024794., Sonic has traversed the globe and beyond, using his talents to protect his world and others from the clutches of evil, notably his archnemesis, Dr. Eggman, and his nefarious empire.

Throughout his numerous escapades, Sonic has journeyed across vast distances, encountering myriad challenges that have tested his abilities to their limits. These trials have earned him a multitude of titles, allies, and the enmity of various adversaries. Renowned for his bold demeanor, occasional impatience, and unwavering commitment to justice, compassion, freedom, and exploration, Sonic has garnered a significant following who admire his thrilling lifestyle.[7]“All Star Cast”. Sonic Adventure Tokyo International Forum Unveiling Booklet. August 22, 1998. p. 6. Despite his celebrity status, Sonic remains indifferent to his image, preferring to live life on his own terms.

Sonic the Hedgehog

Modern Sonic
Modern
Classic Sonic
Classic

Sonic the Hedgehog

Appearances

First Appearance

Rad Mobile (cameo)

Game Appearances

  • Puzzle Construction
  • Sonic the Hedgehog (16-Bit)
  • Sonic the Hedgehog (8-bit)
  • Sonic Eraser
  • Sonic the Hedgehog 2 (8-bit)
  • Sonic the Hedgehog 2 (16-bit)
  • SegaSonic the Hedgehog
  • Sonic the Hedgehog CD
  • Sonic Chaos
  • Sonic Spinball (16-bit)
  • Sonic Spinball (8-bit)
  • Sonic the Hedgehog 3
  • Sonic Drift
  • Wacky Worlds Creativity Studio
  • Sonic the Hedgehog’s Gameworld
  • Tails and the Music Maker
  • Sonic & Knuckles
  • Sonic the Hedgehog Triple Trouble
  • Sonic Drift 2
  • Knuckles’ Chaotix (cameo)
  • Tails Adventure (cameo)
  • Sonic Labyrinth
  • Sonic the Fighters
  • Sonic the Hedgehog CD (Windows 95)
  • Sonic 3D Blast
  • Sonic Blast
  • Sonic’s Schoolhouse
  • Sonic Jam (Game.com)
  • Sonic R
  • Sonic Adventure
  • Sonic the Hedgehog Pocket Adventure
  • Sonic the Hedgehog (2001 Sonic Cafe)
  • Sonic Shuffle
  • Sonic Adventure 2
  • Sonic Adventure 2: Battle
  • Sonic Advance
  • Sonic Advance 2
  • Sonic Pinball Party
  • Sonic Adventure DX: Director’s Cut
  • Sonic Battle
  • Sonic Heroes
  • Sonic Advance 3
  • Sega Superstars
  • Sonic Jump
  • Sonic the Hedgehog (2005 Sonic Cafe)
  • Shadow the Hedgehog
  • Sonic Rush
  • Sonic the Hedgehog Mobile
  • Sonic Riders
  • Sonic the Hedgehog 2 (2006 Sonic Cafe)
  • Sonic the Hedgehog Genesis
  • Sonic the Hedgehog (2006)
  • Sonic Rivals
  • Sonic and the Secret Rings
  • Sonic Rush Adventure
  • Sonic the Hedgehog (iPod)
  • Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Games
  • Sonic Rivals 2
  • Sonic Riders: Zero Gravity
  • Super Smash Bros. Brawl
  • Sega Superstars Tennis
  • Sonic Chronicles: The Dark Brotherhood
  • Sonic Unleashed (Xbox 360/PlayStation 3)
  • Sonic Unleashed (Wii/PlayStation 2)
  • Sonic the Hedgehog (Didj)
  • Sonic and the Black Knight
  • Sonic Unleashed (mobile)
  • Sonic the Hedgehog Level Creator
  • Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Winter Games
  • Sonic at the Olympic Winter Games
  • Sonic & Sega All-Stars Racing
  • Sonic Adventure (2010)
  • Sonic the Hedgehog 4: Episode I
  • Sonic Free Riders
  • Sonic Colors (Wii)
  • Sonic Colors (Nintendo DS)
  • Sonic Generations (console/PC)
  • Sonic Generations (Nintendo 3DS)
  • Mario & Sonic at the London 2012 Olympic Games (Wii)
  • Mario & Sonic at the London 2012 Olympic Games (Nintendo 3DS)
  • Sonic the Hedgehog 4: Episode II
  • Sonic the Hedgehog 4: Episode Metal
  • Sonic Adventure 2 (2012)
  • Sonic the Fighters (2012)
  • Sonic Jump (2012)
  • Sonic & All-Stars Racing Transformed
  • Sonic Dash
  • Sonic the Hedgehog (2013)
  • Sonic the Hedgehog 2 (2013)
  • 3D Sonic the Hedgehog
  • Sonic Lost World (Wii U)
  • Sonic Lost World (Nintendo 3DS)
  • Mario & Sonic at the Sochi 2014 Olympic Winter Games
  • Sonic Jump Fever
  • Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS and Wii U
  • 3D Sonic the Hedgehog 2
  • Sonic Runners
  • Sonic Lost World (PC)
  • Mario & Sonic at the Rio 2016 Olympic Games (Wii U)
  • Mario & Sonic at the Rio 2016 Olympic Games (Nintendo 3DS)
  • Sonic Runners Adventure
  • Sonic Forces: Speed Battle
  • Sonic Forces
  • Sega Heroes
  • Super Smash Bros. Ultimate
  • Team Sonic Racing
  • Sonic Racing
  • Sega Ages: Sonic the Hedgehog
  • Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Games Tokyo 2020
  • Sega Ages: Sonic the Hedgehog 2
  • Sonic at the Olympic Games (2020)
  • Sega Streaming Theater Sonic Edition
  • Sonic Colors: Ultimate
  • Sonic Speed Simulator
  • Sonic Frontiers
  • The Murder of Sonic the Hedgehog
  • Sonic Superstars
  • Sonic Dream Team

Appearances in other media

  • Sonic the Hedgehog Story Comic
  • Sonic the Hedgehog (promotional comic)
  • Sonic the Hedgehog (manga)
  • Stay Sonic
  • Archie Comics
  • Sonic the Comic
  • Virgin Books
  • Adventures of Sonic the Hedgehog
  • Sonic the Hedgehog (TV series)
  • Sonic the Hedgehog Adventure Gamebook
  • Sonic Adventures
  • Troll Associates
  • Ladybird
  • Sonic the Animation
  • Sonic in Sydney
  • Sonic the Hedgehog: The Movie
  • Sonic Underground
  • Dash & Spin Super Fast Sonic
  • Sonic X
  • Sonic World Adventure (manga)
  • Sonic: Night of the Werehog
  • Sonic and the Black Knight (manga)
  • Sonic Colors (manga)
  • Sonic Chronicles (manga)
  • Sonic Generations (manga)
  • Sonic Boom
  • Sonic Comic
  • Sonic Forces digital comic (mentioned)
  • IDW Publishing
  • Team Sonic Racing One-shot
  • Team Sonic Racing Overdrive
  • OK K.O.! Let’s Be Heroes
  • Chao In Space
  • Sonic the Hedgehog (film series)
  • Sonic Colors: Rise of the Wisps
  • Sonic Colors Comics
  • Sonic Frontiers Prologue: Convergence
  • Sonic Prime

Real-World Designer(s)

Creator(s) (real-world)

Naoto Ohshima

Artist(s)

  • Naoto Ohshima
  • Akira Watanabe
  • Yuji Uekawa

Voice Actor(s)

English Voice Actor(s)

  • Meg Inglima (Sonic’s Schoolhouse)
  • Ryan Drummond (1998–2004)
  • Jason Griffith (2005–2010)
  • Roger Craig Smith (2010–present)
  • Deven Mack (Sonic Prime)

Japanese voice actor(s)

  • Takeshi Kusao (1991-1993)
  • Masato Nishimura[8]Nishimura, Masato (July 9, 2017). Masato Nishimura (@Mazin__) on Twitter (Japanese)Twitter. Retrieved on December 6, 2018. (Sonic the Hedgehog CD)
  • Jun’ichi Kanemaru (1998–present)

Other Language Voice Actor(s)

  • Antonio Paiola (Italian)
  • [yadwiki link=”Klaus Lochthove”] (German)
  • Rafael Turia (Spanish)
  • Vincent Violette (French)

Other Language Voice Actor(s)

  • Aiman Afandi Mohd Nadzari (Malay; Sonic Prime)
  • Alexandre Gillet (French)
  • Ángel de Gracia (Spanish, 2016-present)
  • Christian Hedlund (Swedish; Sonic Prime)
  • Daniel Magon (Hebrew; Sonic Prime)
  • Even Bergan (Norwegian; Sonic Prime)
  • Gonçalo Carvalho (Portuguese; Sonic Prime)
  • Ignacio Castaño (Galician; Sonic Prime)
  • Jan Makino (German; Sonic Prime)
  • Joey Schalker (Dutch; Sonic Prime)
  • Jonatán López (Spanish, 2011-2016, 2018)
  • Joonathan Kettunen (Finnish; Sonic Prime)
  • Josu Díaz (Basque; Sonic Prime)
  • Luka Starman (Croatian; Sonic Prime)
  • Manolo Rey (Brazilian Portuguese; Sonic Prime)
  • Marc Stachel (German)
  • Marcin Hycnar (Polish; Sonic Prime)
  • Máté Szabó (Hungarian; Sonic Prime)
  • Michal Michálek (Czech; Sonic Prime)
  • Mihai Dăscălescu (Romanian; Sonic Prime)
  • Muhammad Aytoni (Arabic; Sonic Prime)
  • Ngọc San (Vietnamese; Sonic Prime)
  • Nugraha Sukma Ramadhan (Indonesian; Sonic Prime)
  • Ohm Plengkham (Thai; Sonic Prime)
  • Panagiotis Apostolopoulos (Greek; Sonic Prime)
  • Pelle Emil Hebsgaard (Danish; Sonic Prime)
  • Renato Novara (Italian)
  • Revant Bhatia (Hindi; Sonic Prime)
  • Roger Isasi (Catalan; Sonic Prime)
  • Sang-hyun Um (Korean; Sonic Prime)
  • Sercan Gidişoğlu (Turkish; Sonic Prime)
  • Weebz Herrera (Filipino; Sonic Prime)

Biographical Overview

Age

15[9]Sonic Channel (Japanese)Characters: Sonic. Sega. Archived from the original on May 26, 2019. Retrieved on July 3, 2015.

Birthplace

Christmas Island

Nickname(s)

  • Big Blue
  • Blue Blur
  • Blue Buffoon
  • Blue Hedgehog
  • Blue Rat
  • Blue Wind
  • Faker
  • Iblis Trigger
  • Little Blue Savior
  • Knave the Hedgehog
  • Modern Sonic
  • Pin cushion
  • Sir Sonic, Knight of the Wind
  • Speed Demon
  • The Fastest Thing Alive
  • The Legendary Blue Hedgehog
  • World’s Fastest Hedgehog

Species

Hedgehog

Physical Description

Gender

Male

Height

100 cm (3′ 3″)[10]Sonic Channel (Japanese)Characters: Sonic. Sega. Archived from the original on May 26, 2019. Retrieved on July 3, 2015.

Weight

35 kg (77 lb.)

Fur

Blue

Skin

Peach

Eyes

Green (originally black)

Attire

  • Sonic’s shoes
  • White gloves

Alignment and Character Traits

Alignment

Good

Likes

  • Fast moving things[11]Sonic Jam (Sega Saturn) Character House, “Sonic the Hedgehog”
  • Cool music
  • Running
  • Making new friends
  • Freedom[12]Sonic Colors (Wii) United States instruction booklet, pg. 4.
  • Truth
  • Adventures
  • Stopping Eggman
  • Breakdancing
  • Relaxing
  • Challenges
  • Racing
  • Saving the world
  • Showing off
  • Proving that he is the fastest
  • Speed
  • Having time for himself
  • Joking around with his enemies
  • Peace and serenity
  • Green Hill[13]Sonic Team (November 7, 2017). Sonic Forces. Nintendo Switch. Sega. Area/level: Lost Valley. “Sonic: Man, this place is a wreck. Thanks, Eggman. One of my favorite spots is all ruined.”
  • Seaside Hill[14]Sumo Digital (May 21, 2019). Team Sonic Racing. PlayStation 4. Sega. Area/level: Whale Lagoon. “Blaze: No wonder Sonic loves this place.”
  • Planet Wisp[15]Sumo Digital (May 21, 2019). Team Sonic Racing. PlayStation 4. Sega. Area/level: Wisp Circuit. “Sonic: Man, I love this beautiful place.”
  • Old World“-like locations[16]Sumo Digital (May 21, 2019). Team Sonic Racing. PlayStation 4. Sega. Area/level: Market Street. “Sonic: I love that Old World charm!”
  • Grand Metropolis and similar places[17]Sonic Team (February 6, 2004). Sonic Heroes. PlayStation 2. Sega. Area/level: Grand Metropolis (Team Sonic). “Sonic: I love places like this.”
  • Interacting with different cultures[18]TailsTube #1 (feat. Sonic)YouTube. Sonic the Hedgehog (March 25, 2022). Retrieved on March 25, 2022.
  • His Werehog abilities
  • Reading (especially on rainy days)[19]東京ジョイポリス ソニック セリフ集(一部) (Japanese) (August 2, 2013). Retrieved on May 8, 2022. “Sonic: もう梅雨の季節だなぁ。さすがに雨の日は、俺だって静かにしてるぜ。本なんか読んだりするさ。例えば「アラビアン・ナイト」とか「アーサー王と円卓の騎士」・・・ とかな! [It’s the rainy season already. On rainy days, I’m calm. I read books. For example, the Arabian Nights or King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table… or something else!]”

Dislikes

  • Dr. Eggman[20]Devra Newberger Speregen (2016). Sonic: The Ultimate Character Guide. Scholastic. p. 7. ISBN 978-1338033243.
  • The word “slow”
  • Tears
  • Lies[21]Pedigree Books (August 2013). “Sonic’s Count the Rings Time Trial”. Sonic the Hedgehog Super Interactive Annual 2014. Pedigree Publishers. p. 9. ISBN 978-1908152077. “Fact: Sonic hates lies and is always searching for the truth!”
  • Evil
  • Deep water
  • Being underwater[22]Video Archive (22 April 2022). Sonic History Video (Sonic 3 Promo) [ENGLISH CC] {Windii Reupload} (Japanese)YouTube. Retrieved on 10 November 2022.
  • Injustice
  • Being constrained
  • His friends threatened
  • Crookedness[23]“ソニック・ザ・ヘッジホッグ” (in Japanese). ソニックアドベンチャー オペレーションガイド. SoftBank. January 1999. p. 24. ISBN 978-4757203006.
  • Bullies[24]Hesse, Tyson; GGDG (August 19, 2021). “Sonic Colors: Rise of the Wisps – Part 1”. Sonic Colors: Rise of the Wisps. Season 1. Episode 1. YouTube.
  • Secrecy
  • Losing
  • Slowness
  • Boredom
  • Amy flirting with him
  • When Amy gets angry
  • When Amy brings out her hammer
  • Insults directed at his speed
  • Waiting
  • Being impersonated and thought to have turned evil
  • Having to quit a battle
  • When someone claims to be faster than him
  • Being unable to run
  • Twinkle Park and similar places[25]Sonic Team (December 23, 1998). Sonic Adventure. Dreamcast. Sega. Area/level: Station Square. “Sonic: I am not too fond of places like this [Twinkle Park].”

Powers and Abilities

Skills

  • Super speed
  • Enhanced durability
  • Enhanced acrobatic skills and reflexes
  • Enhanced strength
  • Enhanced jump
  • Enhanced agility
  • Enhanced stamina
  • Hand-to-hand combat skills
  • Indomitable will
  • Breakdancing skills
  • Extreme Gear riding skills
  • Marksmanship
  • Swordsmanship
  • Vehicle intuition
  • Sensing danger[26]Sonic Team (February 20, 2007). Sonic and the Secret Rings. Wii. Sega. Area/level: Dinosaur Jungle. “Sonic: Uhh. My quills are starting to tingle…”[27](in Japanese) ソニックジャム オフィシャルガイド. SoftBank. October 2, 1997. p. 99-100. ISBN 978-4797303377.
  • Grinding
  • Harnessing Chaos Emerald energy
    • Chaos powers
    • Hyper Mode initiation
    • Super transformation
    • Hyper transformation
  • Darkspine Sonic transformation
  • Werehog transformation (formerly)
  • Excalibur Sonic transformation
  • Hyper-go-on usage
    • Color Powers
  • Hyper Mode

Moves and Techniques

  • Acceleration Up Lv 2
  • Air Boost
  • Air Boost (Sonic Rivals)
  • Air Kick
  • Air Ride
  • Air Slide
  • Air Spin
  • Attack
  • Attack Support 6
  • Axe Kick
  • Back High Kick
  • Back Punch
  • Blast Attack
  • Blue Bomber (requires Tails)
  • Boost
  • Boost Mode
  • Blue Tornado
  • Bound Jump
  • Cartwheel
  • Charge Jump
  • Chao Attack
  • Chaos Control
  • Cliffhanger Flip
  • Climb
  • Color Powers
    • Final Color Blaster
  • Copter Combo (requires Tails)
  • Cross Slash
  • Crouch
  • Crouch (grinding)
  • Custom Actions
    • Gun Drive
    • Homing Smash
    • Mach Speed
    • Scale
    • Slow
    • Thunder Guard
    • Tornado
  • Cyclone Kick
  • Cyloop
    • Quick Cyloop
  • Dash
  • Dash Boost
  • Dash Spin
  • Dizzy Spin
  • Drift
  • Drop Kick
  • Dodge High Kick
  • Dodge Spin
  • Dodge Spin Dive
  • Double Jump
  • Double Boost (requires the Avatar)
  • Double Jump Kick
  • Double Kick
  • Double Punch
  • Double Side Kick
  • Double Spin (Sonic the Fighters)
  • Emerald Dive
  • Energy Field (requires Elise)
  • Fastball (requires Amy)
  • Fire Sliding
  • Fire Somersault
  • Fireball Spin Dash
  • Flying Kick
  • Flying Spin Attack
  • Focused Homing Attack
  • Foot Crush
  • Foot Sweep
  • Grand Slam
  • Gravity Control
  • Gravity Dive
  • Grind Step
  • Guard
  • Hail Storm (requires Tails, Knuckles and Amy)
  • Hammer Attack
  • Head Spin
  • High Kick
  • Homing Attack
  • Homing Dash
  • Homing Dash (Sonic Storybook Series)
  • Homing Shot
  • Horse Kick
  • Hop
  • Hop Jump
  • Hop Punch
  • Humming Top
  • Insta-Shield
  • Item Box Transfer
  • Jump Dash
  • Kick
  • Kick (Sonic the Fighters)
  • Kick boost
  • Kick Dash
  • Leg Throw
  • Light Speed Dash
  • Light Speed Attack
  • Lock-On
  • Loop Kick
  • Magic Hands
  • Parkour
    • Hang
    • Side Step
    • Vault
    • Vault Dash
    • Wall Climb
    • Wall Jump
    • Wall Run
    • Wall Spin Dash
  • Phantom Rush
  • Punch (Sonic the Fighters)
  • Punch-Kick
  • Punch-Spin
  • Punch Attack
  • Punch Rush
  • Quick Step
  • Radial Burst
  • Recovery Smash
  • Rival Takedown
  • Rocket Accel (requires Tails and Knuckles)
  • Rolling Combo (requires Tails)
  • S. Air Cracker
  • Safe Landing
  • Scissor Punch
  • Side Kick
  • Skid Attack
  • Skip Kick
  • Skim Boost
  • Skydiving
  • Slide
  • Slide Turn
  • Slingshot
  • Slip-Around
  • Smackback Kick
  • Somersault
  • Sonic Ballet
  • Sonic Boom
  • Sonic Boom (Sonic Frontiers)
  • Sonic Cracker
  • Sonic Drive
  • Sonic Eagle
  • Sonic Flare
  • Sonic Guard
  • Sonic Jump
  • Sonic Kick
  • Sonic Leap
  • Sonic Meteor
  • Sonic Overdrive (requires Tails and Knuckles)
  • Sonic Punch
  • Sonic Rocket
  • Sonic Run
  • Sonic Storm
  • Sonic Style
  • Sonic Up Draft
  • Sonic Wave
  • Sonic Wind
  • Soul Gauge
  • Soul Surge
  • Speed Boost
  • Speed Break
  • Speed Up
  • Spin Attack
  • Spin Dash
  • Spin Dive
  • Spin Jump
  • Spin Rocket
  • Spin Slash
  • Spiral Feint
  • Spiral Spin
  • Spring Jump
  • Stomp
  • Stomp (Sonic the Fighters)
  • Stomp Dive
  • Strength Support 8
  • Submarine Combo (requires Tails)
  • Super Skid
  • Super Peel Out
  • Super Rush
  • Tag Action
  • Team Ultimate
  • Time Break
  • Time Stop
  • Top Kick
  • Tornado
  • Tornado Boost
  • Toss & Attack
  • Triangle Jump
  • Trick Action
  • Triple Boost (requires the Avatar)
  • Triple Kick
  • Triple Punch
  • Triple Side Kick
  • Triple Tornado (requires Tails and Knuckles)
  • Turnaround
  • Twin Punch-Spin
  • Volley Toss
  • Wall Jump
  • Wall Shuffle
  • Wall Spin
  • Wall Stamp
  • Weapon Grab
  • Whirl Attack
  • Whirlwind
  • Wild Rush
  • Wimpy Punch
  • Windmill
  • Windup Punch

Ability Type

Speed

Concept and Creation

While multiple individuals contributed to the creation of Sonic, artist Naoto Ohshima, programmer Yuji Naka, and designer Hirokazu Yasuhara are generally recognized as the primary creators of the character.

In April 1990, Sega sought to develop a game featuring a mascot for their company.[28]Thomas, Lucas M. (January 20, 2007). Sonic the Hedgehog VC ReviewIGN. Retrieved on February 23, 2014.[29]“The Making of Sonic the Hedgehog”. Retro Gamer (Bournemouth: Imagine Publishing) (100): 46–49. February 2012. ISSN 1742-3155. They aimed to create a character to rival Nintendo’s iconic Mario, with Sega’s president Hayao Nakayama desiring a figure as recognizable as Mickey Mouse.[30]Kennedy, Sam . Sonic Boom1UP.com. Archived from the original on June 4, 2011. Retrieved on September 24, 2014. Despite previously using Alex Kidd as their mascot, Sega found him too similar to Mario and thus unsatisfactory. Various character designs were proposed by Sega’s AM8 research and development department, including a wolf, a bulldog, a robot, and a warrior. However, the focus shifted towards speed, influenced by Yuji Naka’s attempt to complete Super Mario Bros.’ World 1-1 as quickly as possible.[31]“The Making of … Sonic The Hedgehog”. Edge (Future Publishing) (101): 118–121. September 2001. ISSN 1350-1593. “Sonic was delivering [the kind of] high speed no other [game] was capable of, and the Mega Drive allowed this stunning demonstration of rotation during the bonus stages. This was said to be impossible on the hardware at the time.” Consequently, Sega began considering fast animals like kangaroos and squirrels, ultimately settling on a hedgehog character proposed by Naoto Ohshima. Ohshima sought feedback on his sketches in New York’s Central Park, where the hedgehog design emerged as the favorite.[32]Wawro, Alex (21 March 2018). Sonic the Hedgehog’s origin story, according to the devs who made him. Game Developer. Archived from the original on April 25, 2022. Retrieved on February 22, 2022.

Originally dubbed “Mister Hedgehog,” a mistranslation led to the misconception that Sonic’s initial name was “Mister Needlemouse.”[33]Yuji Naka / 中 裕司 on Twitter (Japanese)Twitter (January 24, 2021). Archived from the original on January 24, 2021. “悔しいのでもう一度挑戦しましたがもっと判らなかった感じです。「セガの看板キャラクターであるソニック。世に出る前に彼に付けられていた名前を選べ」と言う問題が判りませんでした。作った人なのにね
セガい共通テスト受験終了!”
Wanting a name reflecting speed, the team considered terms related to light speed before settling on “Sonic the Hedgehog”[34]Sonic the Hedgehog – Developer Interview Collection. Retrieved on May 19, 2018. to evoke the speed of sound.[35]Naoto Ohshima (2013). “The History Of Sonic The Hedgehog”. in Les Editions Pix’n Love]. Interview With Naoto Ôshima. UDON Entertainment Corp. pp. 96–101. ISBN 978-1-926778-96-9.

In his early design phase, Sonic was teal but later changed to a darker blue to contrast with certain backgrounds[36]Horowitz, Ken (December 5, 2006). Interview: Mark Cerny. Sega-16. Retrieved on October 12, 2014. “Mark Cerny: Sonic had been a lighter blue, but he was very hard to see against the ocean backgrounds, so his color was darkened at the last moment.” and match Sega’s logo. His appearance was inspired by Felix the Cat’s head and Mickey Mouse’s body,[37]Claiborn, Samuel (June 26, 2014). 21 Crazy Facts About Sonic and the Console War He StartedIGN. Retrieved on February 13, 2014. aiming for a design that was easy for children to draw and exuded a “cool” attitude. His shoes were influenced by Michael Jackson’s boots and Santa Claus’s color scheme. Sonic’s personality was inspired by Bill Clinton’s proactive approach, aiming to convey a sense of immediacy in addressing issues.[38]Sheffield, Brandon . Out of the Blue: Naoto Ohshima Speaks. Game Developer. Retrieved on December 13, 2009.[39]Yahoo Playback . Yahoo Playback #94. Yahoo!. Archived from the original on December 15, 2009. Retrieved on December 13, 2009.[40]Ashcraft, Brian . Sonic’s Shoes Inspired by Michael Jackson. Kotaku. Retrieved on December 13, 2009.

Early concepts included Sonic having fangs and being part of a band with a human girlfriend named Madonna,[41]Loveridge, Sam (June 23, 2016). 14 things you didn’t know about Sonic the Hedgehog. Digital Spy. Retrieved on June 10, 2017. but these were scrapped to maintain simplicity. Sega of America initially considered redesigning Sonic but opted for minor adjustments. To pitch the character to Sega, Ohshima framed the concept around a fictional American fighter pilot named “Hedgehog,” who decorated his plane with Sonic imagery. This pilot’s retirement and subsequent marriage to a children’s book author led to the creation of stories about Sonic, influencing the plot of the first Sonic game. Sonic’s proportions changed in Sonic the Hedgehog 2, with his head-to-height ratio adjusting from 1:2 to 1:2.5.[42]Sega Video Game Illustrations. Nippon Shuppan Hanbai (Deutschland) GmbH. 1994. ISBN 3-910052-50-9.

At the time of Sonic the Hedgehog’s release, Sega of America lacked exposure to the established Japanese material for the game.[43]DeanSatan enters the fray!Sonic Retro (January 16, 2009). Retrieved on May 13, 2022. “Dean Sitton: the bible was developed at soa in-tune with getting the game from soj – there was little to no exposure to the original japanese[sic] fiction at that time.” Consequently, they developed a new storyline known as the Sonic Bible, comprising internal documents outlining the supposed backstory. These documents introduced elements not present in Japanese sources, such as Sonic’s home planet being named “Mobius” and his friendship with a kind scientist named “Dr. Ovi Kintobor,” who later transformed into Dr. Robotnik due to a laboratory accident. Additionally, they included details that were ultimately unused, such as an initial draft portraying Sonic as a typical hedgehog residing in Nebraska with his mother and five sisters, and his original name being “Sonny Hedgehog.” Sonic’s design underwent modifications as well, including alterations to fur color, eye shape, the addition of a brow between his eyes, and a mohawk-like hairstyle. However, these changes gradually fell out of favor over time as the Japanese canon began to be adopted worldwide.

During the development of Sonic Adventure, Sonic Team encountered challenges in translating existing characters into 3D. Concerns about the series being perceived as too “Japanese” prompted a desire for a redesign with a “new, edgy, and Western” aesthetic.[44]Cook & Becker (April 17, 2017). How Sega moved Sonic from 2D to 3D. Polygon. Retrieved on December 12, 2022. The team felt Sonic’s original design was becoming outdated, providing an opportunity for a refresh. Kazuyuki Hoshino, the game’s art director, noted a resurgence in popularity of “retro” games like Space Invaders and Pac-Man, particularly in urban street fashion and indie music scenes. This influenced the team to make Sonic appeal to this subculture or at least be featured on “cool T-shirts.”[45]Retro Game staff (December 28, 2018). “The Making Of: Sonic Adventure“. Retro Gamer. Archived from the original.

An internal contest at Sega was held to select the designer responsible for the character redesign, with proposed designs coming from various artists, including Satoshi Okano, Yuji Uekawa, Naoto Ohshima, and Takumi Miyake. Uekawa ultimately won the contest but drew inspiration from other designs,[46]Aitchison, Sean (April 28, 2020). The Unsung Artist Who Defined the Look of Sonic the Hedgehog. Fanbyte. Archived from the original on November 3, 2020.[47]Okano, Satoshi (August 11, 2020). OKN/Satoshi Okano/岡野聡 on TwitterTwitter. Archived from the original on August 11, 2020. as well as from Akira Toriyama’s style, Susumu Matsushita’s airbrush art, and cartoon designs from Disney and Looney Tunes. Sonic’s proportions were adjusted to be taller, with emerald green eyes chosen to contrast with his color scheme and to reflect the lush greenery of environments like Green Hill Zone. Additional tweaks were made to adapt Sonic’s design to 3D space, including new shoe soles and a deeper blue color, matching Sega of America’s logo.

The new design aimed to align with contemporary fashion trends and club music aesthetics. Takashi Iizuka noted that this design was more suited for 3D environments compared to Sonic’s original, more compact design.[48]Thomason, Steve (January 2007). “Birth of a Hedgehog”. Nintendo Power (Future Publishing) (211): 72.[49]Summer Of Sonic 2011 – Takashi Iizuka & Yuji Naka Q&A (18:20)YouTube (March 25, 2012). Retrieved on July 10, 2014. Sonic was intentionally portrayed as more of a “bad boy” to avoid appearing overly cute or immature, distinguishing him from other mascots and Japanese-styled characters.

For Sonic the Hedgehog (2006), Sonic’s design was further modified to appear more adult-like and taller, catering to the next generation of players. Visible fur and a slightly lankier physique were added to better integrate Sonic into interactions with humans.[50]E3 2006: Sonic Team InterviewGameSpy. Archived from the original on October 22, 2013. Retrieved on May 14, 2022.

Regarding Sonic’s birthday, Yuji Naka chose June 23, the same day as the original Sonic the Hedgehog’s release in Western territories, to commemorate the iconic game’s debut.

Appearance

Sonic before Sonic Adventure, from Sonic Origins.
Sonic after Sonic Adventure, from Sonic Art Assets DVD.
Sonic in his “Battle Costume” outfit, from Sonic Adventure 2.
Sonic in his “Halloween” outfit, from Sonic Adventure 2.
Sonic in his “Christmas” outfit, from Sonic Adventure 2.
Sonic in his “Race” outfit, from Sonic Adventure 2: Battle.
Sonic in his “Race” outfit, from Sonic Rivals 2.
Sonic in his “Ice” outfit, from Sonic Rivals 2.
Sonic in his “Black Tie” outfit, from Sonic Rivals 2.
Sonic in his “Cheetah” outfit, from Sonic Rivals 2.
Sonic from Sonic and the Black Knight.
Sonic in his “Riders Sonic” outfit, from Sonic Riders.
Sonic dressed like Link, from the Wii U version of Sonic Lost World.
Sonic in his “Christmas Sonic” outfit, from Sonic Runners.
Sonic in his “Slugger Sonic” outfit, from Sonic Forces: Speed Battle.
Sonic during the Tokyo olympics, from Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Games Tokyo 2020.
Sonic in his “Stealth Suit Sonic” outfit, from Sonic Speed Simulator.
Sonic in his “Summer Sonic” outfit, from Sonic Speed Simulator.
Sonic in his “Birthday King Sonic” outfit, from Sonic Speed Simulator.
Sonic in his New Yoke City attire, from Sonic Prime.
Sonic in his Boscage Maze attire, from Sonic Prime.
Sonic in his The Grim attire, from Sonic Prime.
Sonic in his No Place attire, from Sonic Prime.
Sonic in his corrupted Green Hill attire, from Sonic Prime.
Sonic in his captain outfit, from The Murder of Sonic the Hedgehog.

Sonic is depicted as a slim anthropomorphic hedgehog with blue fur covering most of his body, complemented by peach-colored skin on his arms, muzzle, ear interiors, and front torso. His head features small, triangular ears atop, six long quills at the back, two spines behind his shoulders, and a short tail.

Up until Sonic Adventure, Sonic had a shorter, stockier build, with a round head, equally round torso, and black eyes. Following Sonic Adventure, his design grew taller and leaner, acquiring green eyes. Before Sonic Heroes, he often had peach-skinned eyelids, later changed to blue.

As for attire, Sonic typically dons red boots with white straps, cuffs, and gold buckles, along with white gloves sporting sock-like cuffs.

On special occasions or during specific events, Sonic has been seen in various outfits, including:

  • During Sonic Adventure 2, he sported:
    • An orange and yellow HUmar costume from Phantasy Star Online.
    • A jack-o-lantern head covering and a pumpkin torso.
    • Red Santa-like jacket, leaving his torso bare, with grind shoes.
    • Pinkish and black suit with grind shoes.
  • During Sonic Rivals 2t, Sonic wore:
    • Black and red one-piece suit with black gloves and shoes.
    • Dark blue and white yeti-like suit with blue gloves and shoes.
    • Orange and white t-shirt with a black jacket, yellow gloves, and shoes.
    • Cheetah-like suit with orange and black patterns.
  • During Sonic and the Black Knight, Sonic wore:
    • Standard gloves and shoes, except for a light gray metallic glove with a golden cuff.
  • For Extreme Gear riding, Sonic wears:
    • Green sunglasses, metal cuffs on wrists, and red and white shoes.
  • He once donned a costume resembling Link from The Legend of Zelda series, featuring a green cap, jacket, brown boots, and gloves.
  • Another time, he wore a red jacket with white buttons, leaving his torso exposed, along with a Santa-like hat.
  • Sonic has also been seen in a baseball attire, a casual beach shirt, a birthday outfit with a gold crown and cape, and various tech-enhanced outfits for different incidents and environments.
  • During The Murder of Sonic the Hedgehog, Sonic wore a captain’s suit, consisting of a blue jacket and a captain’s hat, while retaining his signature gloves and shoes.

Personality

Sonic is often described as being “like the wind,”[51]Sega of America . Sonic the HedgehogSonic CharactersSega of America. Archived from the original on March 5, 2005. Retrieved on October 26, 2017. “Like the wind Sonic never stands still and is always on the move. Sonic is cool under pressure, particularly when faced with his arch enemy, Dr. Eggman. He thinks that saving the world is no big feat, and he always protects and fights for the underdog. Sonic hates boredom and is constantly looking for his next adventure. Sonic lives and dies by his own rules. He never thinks twice about what others think or say; he is driven by his own sense of justice and fair play. Sonic was born to run and loves to cover as much ground as fast as he can. His demeanor is always cool and calm. When he finds himself in a pinch, he acts as though no thing can stop him. When faced with a serious situation, Sonic bears down on the task at hand, focused on the challenge.” embodying a free-spirited,[52]Sega . Sonic Heroes official website (Japanese)Characters: Team SonicSega. Archived from the original on December 7, 2004. Retrieved on May 25, 2021.[53]ソニック・ザ・ヘッジホッグ【公式】 on TwitterTwiiter (January 15, 2023). Retrieved on January 16, 2023. adventurous drifter with an insatiable appetite for excitement. His motto, “Run daily whenever in the mood,” reflects his carefree attitude and desire for spontaneity.[54]Sega . ソニック & ブレイズ 前編 (Japanese)かべがみカバーストーリー. Sonic Channel. Archived from the original on October 22, 2021. He values freedom above all else and lives life on his own terms, disregarding societal norms and expectations.[55]Sonic Heroes (PlayStation 2) United States instruction booklet, pg. 4.[56]Shadow the Hedgehog (Nintendo GameCube) United States instruction booklet, pg. 7. Despite frequently being hailed as a hero, Sonic does not see himself as one, preferring to follow his instincts rather than conform to conventional heroism.

With a boundless love for adventure and exploration, Sonic is always on the move, relishing the thrill of discovering new challenges and experiencing different cultures. He enjoys sampling regional cuisines and considers himself a connoisseur, particularly fond of chili dogs. Sonic’s passion for life drives him forward, seeking constant stimulation and viewing each day as an opportunity for fresh experiences.

Though typically easygoing and calm, Sonic’s impatience and restlessness often lead to impulsive[57]“SONIC THE HEDGEHOG” (in Japanese). Sonic Adventure Stylebook. p. 9. “自由気ままが大好きで、曲がったことが大キライ。 直情的で短気だが、困っている人がいると放っておけない優しさも併せ持っている。 とにかくじっとしちゃいられない。 サウンドにはうるさい。[He loves freedom and hates crookedness. He is impulsive and short-tempered, but also has a kindness that can’t be ignored when someone is in trouble. He just can’t sit still. He is picky about sound.]”[58]Sonic Unleashed (Xbox 360) United States instruction booklet, pg. 4. behavior and a tendency to rush headlong into danger. Despite this recklessness, he remains honest, fearless,[59]Sumo Digital (February 23, 2010). Sonic & Sega All-Stars Racing. PlayStation 3. Sega. Area/level: Character Select screen. “Sonic the Hedgehog – Sonic is the world’s fastest hedgehog, capable of running at the speed of sound (768 mph). His other abilities include a ‘Spin Attack’, a ‘Spin Dash’ and his ‘Super Sonic’ transformation which makes him indestructible and gives him the gift of run-flight. Sonic is not an expert swimmer, but is fearless – even of Dr. Eggman. Alongside his best friend Tails, Sonic runs around the world stopping Dr. Eggman’s schemes.” and true to his word, always standing up for justice and defending the oppressed. Sonic’s sense of fairness and empathy compels him to fight against injustice, even if it means risking his own safety.[60]Sega (June 23, 2016). Mario & Sonic at the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. Wii U. Nintendo. Area/level: Collectibles (Flags). “A blue hedgehog with a penchant for high speed, Sonic is a free spirit with a love for adventure. He despises anything that is unfair and will get into trouble to help anyone in need. For Sonic, saving the world is just another thrilling episode in his life.”[61]Sonic Team (March 13, 2009). Sonic and the Black Knight. Wii. Sega. Area/level: Misty Lake. “Merlina: Are you ready? / Sonic: Ready for what? / Merlina: If you remove that sword and defeat King Arthur with it… You shall forever be the worst of knights, slayer of kings… / Sonic: Guess I can’t be the hero every time.”

While he may appear carefree, Sonic’s heroic actions stem from a deeply rooted desire to make the world a better place. He believes in selflessly helping others and finds fulfillment in bringing smiles to people’s faces. Despite his fearless demeanor, Sonic’s kindness and compassion shine through, demonstrating his unwavering commitment to doing what is right, even in the face of adversity.

Sonic’s abundant self-confidence and courage fuel his belief that he can overcome any challenge with bravery. In tough situations, he emphasizes the importance of self-belief and remains optimistic, adopting a “whatever will be, will be” mindset.[62]ソニック・ザ・ヘッジホッグ【公式】 (July 13, 2022). 【特別企画】音速!一問一答 ソニックアンサー動画まとめ (2022//6/24実施) (Japanese)YouTube. Retrieved on December 6, 2022. His unwavering positivity stems from his faith in his own abilities and the resilience of his friends, whom he trusts implicitly to navigate any obstacle.[63]Sonic Team (November 4, 2011). Sonic Generations. PlayStation 3. Sega. Cutscene: The Final Battle!. “Sonic: Destroy me? You and what mustache? I beat you all the time by myself, and now there’s two of me!”[64]Sonic Team (November 7, 2017). Sonic Forces. Nintendo Switch. Sega. Area/Level: World Map. “Shadow: Exactly. As it stands, there’s no way we can win this. / Sonic: Of course we can win this! We always do! We just haven’t figured that part out yet.” While this confidence sometimes leads him to underestimate his adversaries, Sonic maintains a cool demeanor under pressure and takes pride in his formidable speed and strength.

In Japanese media, Sonic speaks informally, often omitting honorifics and using boastful language like “ore” for “I.” Despite his brash demeanor, he can display gentlemanly behavior and modesty when the situation calls for it.[65]Sonic Team (February 20, 2007). Sonic and the Secret Rings. Wii. Sega. Area/Level: Sand Oasis. “Shahra: ‘When darkness descends upon the Arabian Nights – the legendary blue hedgehog from another world shall come.’ / Sonic: Me? Legendary? You’ve got to be kidding! You’re gonna make me blush!”[66]Sonic Team (March 13, 2009). Sonic and the Black Knight. Wii. Sega. Cutscene: Head to Avalon. “Merlina: The King is on an island known as Avalon. You have become a fine knight. / Sonic: Aw, cut it out. Anyways, I guess I’ll go end this thing, then.” Sonic enjoys bantering with his foes and engaging in playful taunts, showcasing his competitive nature and penchant for lighthearted humor.[67]Sumo Digital (May 21, 2019). Team Sonic Racing. PlayStation 4. Sega. Area/Level: Chapter 5: The Race Continues. “Silver: Right, yeah, okay. Winning. You ever have one of those feelings? Like… like… / Sonic: Like you’re about to get your car fed to you by a blue hedgehog? No, never. / Silver: I’m not hungry, but thanks. / Sonic: Wow dude, you take all the fun out of trash talking.” He values teamwork and acknowledges the support of his friends, recognizing their importance in his journey.[68]Sega (December 3, 2021). スーパーソニック & Dr.エッグマン 後編 (Japanese)かべがみカバーストーリー. Sonic Channel. Archived from the original on December 3, 2021.

Although initially indifferent to racing,[69]Sonic R (Sega Saturn) Japanese instruction booklet, pgs. 4-5. Sonic eventually finds enjoyment in driving[70]Sumo Digital (May 21, 2019). Team Sonic Racing. PlayStation 4. Sega. Cutscene: 004. “Sonic: Ha Ha! That was awesome! As much as I like to run, it was really fun to drive this thing!” and competes in races for the thrill of it, using racecars because he finds them cool. He maintains a good sense of sportsmanship, even in defeat,[71]Sonic Team (November 4, 2010). Sonic Free Riders. Xbox 360. Sega. Cutscene: Cutscene 7 (Team Babylon’s story). “Sonic: Looks like you win this time around, Jet. / Jet: You’re awfully calm about it. Aren’t you ashamed at being beaten?? / Sonic: Why? Luck is a big part of victory? This just means you were the lucky one today.”[72]Sonic Team (November 4, 2010). Sonic Free Riders. Xbox 360. Sega. Cutscene: Cutscene 8 (Team Babylon’s story). “Sonic: I gotta hand it to you, Jet. I couldn’t touch you out there today. / Jet: Then get training. I’ll give you a rematch any day of the week.”[73]Sonic Team (November 4, 2010). Sonic Free Riders. Xbox 360. Sega. Cutscene: Cutscene 5 (Team Dark’s story). “Rouge: Well that was certainly over fast. / Sonic: You’ve improved, Shadow. Next time it’s my turn to surprise you. / Shadow: No matter how many times you try, you can’t win.” and relishes the opportunity to face off against worthy opponents on equal footing.[74]Sonic Team (November 4, 2010). Sonic Free Riders. Xbox 360. Sega. Cutscene: Cutscene 2 (Team Heroes’ story). “Amy: Yeesh, Sonic! Would it have killed you to go a little easy out there? / Sonic: Hey, this is a serious competition, Amy. / Amy: Chivalry is serious business, too! I’m a LADY! / Sonic: Hey Tails, Knuckles… Back me up on this, would you? / Tails: You know that Sonic never holds back, Amy. I thought you liked that about him?” Ultimately, Sonic’s competitive spirit and unwavering confidence drive him to embrace challenges and pursue adventure with gusto.

I’ll never look back. I’ve got no regrets. ‘Cause time doesn’t wait for me. I choose to go my own way.

Sonic’s calling card, Sonic Adventure 

In line with his free-spirited lifestyle, Sonic refuses to dwell on the past or allow his past hardships to burden him. Instead, he lives in the moment and eagerly anticipates his next adventure, harboring no regrets for what has occurred. It is only during times of profound loss, such as the apparent demise of his closest companions or loved ones,[75]Sonic Team, Blindlight (November 24, 2006). Sonic the Hedgehog. PlayStation 3. Sega. Cutscene: Battleship explosion (Sonic Episode). that his tough and carefree facade falters. Similarly, he consistently follows his instincts and never hesitates in his actions, remaining resolute to the very end. These attributes contribute to Sonic’s remarkable strength of character and determination; regardless of the circumstances, he maintains unwavering confidence in himself and refuses to succumb to despair or darkness.[76]Sonic Team (December 9, 2008). Sonic Unleashed. PlayStation 3. Sega. Cutscene: No Reason. “Werehog: I’ll bet it’s thanks to you. / Chip: Hmm? / Werehog: Even at night, when I’m like this. I’m still myself. Not like all the other people we’ve seen. You must have been protecting me this whole time. / Chip: I haven’t done anything, Sonic. You’re the reason you haven’t changed at all. You’re too strong to lose yourself! / Werehog: I’m the reason? / Chip: Yeah! You never doubt yourself, no matter what. You never give in to the night, or to the darkness inside your heart.”

Sonic holds a deep affection for his friends, willingly risking his life for them without hesitation. Despite occasionally leaving them hanging or acting brashly due to his fast-paced nature, he never intends to cause them unhappiness, especially the girls among them.[77]Sonic Team (February 27, 2004). Sonic Battle. Game Boy Advance. Sega. Area/Level: Gimme Shelter (Cream’s Episode). “Emerl: Ha! Fodder! You’re just fodder! Ha ha ha ha! / […] / Cream: Emerl, please stop! / Emerl: Haa haa… …Why? Cream? / Cream: *sniffle* *sobs* / Emerl: Cream… Are you ‘sad’? / Cream: Yes… / […] / Emerl: ‘There’s nothing worse than making a girl cry!’ That’s what Sonic said…” Sonic values his friends above all else, treating each of them as essential in his life and readily accepting their assistance while demonstrating unwavering trust in them. He treats everyone equally, disregarding any sense of superiority, which can sometimes lead him to appear disrespectful to authority figures, landing him in trouble.

Despite facing numerous adversaries, Sonic rarely views them as true enemies, often admiring their power and the excitement they bring to his adventures.[78]Sega of America . Sonic Q and A. Sega of America. Archived from the original on June 13, 2004. “Jake B.: Which bad guy is the biggest pain in your neck? Dr. Eggman, Metal Sonic, Shadow the Hedgehog, Other? / Sonic: Well I really don’t consider any of these guys my enemy in the true sense. Dr. Eggman has always found a way to make life an adventure for me and I love spoiling his evil plans. As for Shadow and Metal Sonic, I just enjoy testing my skills against them too. You know me, I love adventures!” He possesses a remarkable capacity for forgiveness, as evidenced by his willingness to forgive Silver and collaborate with him after previous conflicts.

Sonic’s insightfulness surpasses his outward demeanor, enabling him to discern deception and notice details others might overlook. He has a knack for unraveling schemes, even those devised by cunning individuals like Rouge.[79]Sega (July 29, 2021). ソニック & ルージュ 前編 (Japanese). Sonic Channel. Archived from the original on July 29, 2021. Retrieved on October 26, 2021.[80]Sega (August 17, 2021). ソニック & ルージュ 後編 (Japanese). Sonic Channel. Archived from the original on August 17, 2021. Retrieved on October 26, 2021. Despite his youthful energy, Sonic easily connects with individuals of all ages and can offer valuable advice that profoundly impacts others, such as Elise, Merlina, and Blaze. His charismatic personality fosters positive relationships, even with former adversaries, although he remains steadfast in his own beliefs and does not allow external influences to alter his character.

Sonic finds solace in picturesque landscapes,[81]Sonic Team (November 16, 2010). Sonic Colors. Wii. Sega. Area/Level: Tropical Resort. “Sonic: He [Eggman] loves to hear his own lips flap, but I gotta hand it to the Eggster, this place is epic. Everyone and their brother is gonna want to come here. / Tails: No doubt but now I’m not sure why we’re here? This place looks totally harmless. / […] / Sonic: Plot or not, you can’t be mad at this view. This place is takin’ beauty to the next level.”[82]Sega (March 31, 2023). The Murder of Sonic the Hedgehog. Steam. Sega. Area/level: Dining Car. “Sonic: Aw man! The windows are all covered up now… I never got to look at the pretty views… / *Barry the Quokka: W-what? What’s wrong?? / Sonic: Amy was saying the train’s sights couldn’t be beat. I was excited!” expressing dismay at the destruction of natural environments like Planet Wisp during confrontations with Eggman.[83]Sonic Team (November 16, 2010). Sonic Colors. Wii. Sega. Area/Level: Planet Wisp. “Sonic: You know, as alien as this place is, there is something very… Eggmanish about it. / Tails: I think he’s transforming it somehow. Making it part of his theme park. / […] / Sonic: It looks like the ‘theme’ of his park is universal domination and conquest of alien races. / Tails: It’s more than a theme; it’s a reality. He’s using them like some kind of living intergalactic gasoline. / Sonic: That’s pretty low, even for a sleazeball like Eggman.” He has a fondness for locations teeming with plant life, as seen during Sonic the Hedgehog, yet he also appreciates urban settings like Grand Metropolis, demonstrating a diverse appreciation for various environments.

Described as “particular” about sound and having a discerning taste in music, Sonic is known to appreciate cool tunes. Additionally, his fondness for breakdancing was showcased in Sonic Rush, evident in his Trick Actions. His combat techniques observed in Sonic Battle are also influenced by breakdancing, as indicated in the attack descriptions. Sonic often celebrates victories with breakdancing, adding to his dynamic style.

Sonic can become annoyed when his adversaries mistakenly identify his species, frequently correcting them by asserting that he is a hedgehog, not a rat. This was notably evident in his encounters with the Erazor Djinn in Sonic and the Secret Rings, and to a lesser extent, with Infinite in the Mystic Jungle.

Powers and Abilities

Despite lacking formal training, Sonic’s extensive combat experience has honed him into a formidable and skilled fighter. He has triumphed over colossal robots, demonic entities, and even deific beings single-handedly. Facing opponents with far more combat expertise, Sonic has emerged victorious, demonstrating his exceptional prowess. Notably, he has defeated adversaries who rival his own abilities and continues to grow stronger over time.[84]Sonic Team, Dimps (November 12, 2010). Sonic Colors. Nintendo DS. Sega. Area/Level: Sweet Mountain. “Sonic: Heh! That was barely a warm-up! / Silver: Not half bad, Sonic. / Blaze: You’re even sharper now than when we last met.” This progression was evident during Sonic Generations, where Sonic defeated formidable foes like the Egg Emperor and Perfect Chaos without needing additional assistance as he did previously. Sonic’s assertion to Infinite, acknowledging his increasing power with each passing moment,[85]Sonic Team (November 7, 2017). Sonic Forces. Nintendo Switch. Sega. Area/Level: Vs. Infinite. “Infinite: Impossible! Your abilities exceed your previous data! / Sonic: Unlike mechs, I can grow. I get more powerful every second!” further underscores his continuous enhancement. It is evident that Sonic possesses far greater power than he typically reveals,[86]Sonic Team (February 27, 2004). Sonic Battle. Game Boy Advance. Sega. Area/Level: Emerald Beach (Rouge’s story). “Rouge: You’ve got much stronger… / Sonic: I’ve got something to protect…” as seen in his victories over Emerl at the Gizoid’s peak potential and Perfect Chaos in its base form.

Sonic’s greatest asset is undoubtedly his super speed. Renowned as “the fastest thing alive” and possibly even the fastest entity in the universe,[87]Sonic Rivals (PlayStation Portable) United States instruction booklet, pg. 8. Sonic’s velocity is unmatched. With the ability to instantly reach the speed of sound and surpass Mach 1,[88]Sega of America . Sonic Q and ASega. Archived from the original on June 13, 2004. “From Your Ultimate Fan: How fast can you go (MPH) and how long would it take you to run around the world once? Also, who could beat you in a race, Knuckles, Tails, Shadow, Cream, Rouge, Amy or Dr. Eggman? / Sonic: I have the ability to instantly accelerate to the speed of sound. That’s about 760 MPH at 59*F…pretty fast, huh? The only character that would really have a chance against me would be Shadow…but then again, I’ve never lost a race!” which equates to approximately 768 mph, Sonic can move forwards or backwards with equal ease.[89]Sonic Team (February 6, 2004). Sonic Heroes. PlayStation 2. Sega. Cutscene: Opening (Team Sonic). His incredible speed allows him to perform feats such as scaling vertical surfaces, running over water, outpacing lasers, and even causing the ground to erupt and lift in his wake.[90]Sonic R (Sega Saturn) United States instruction booklet, pg. 17.[91]Sonic Team (March 13, 2009). Sonic and the Black Knight. Wii. Sega. Cutscene: Opening. In Sonic Generations, Sonic’s speed enabled him to restore erased time and space, showcasing its immense power. Moreover, Sonic can amplify his speed further by revving up in one spot and launching himself at turbo speeds instantaneously. Encasing himself in a blue energy field, he can break the sound barrier both on land and in midair,[92]Sonic Unleashed (PlayStation 3) European instruction booklet, pg. 12. enabling him to smash through obstacles and enemies like a living projectile and cover vast distances through the air.

While Sonic’s exact top speed without assistance remains unknown, he has demonstrated the ability to move several times faster than sound. In Sonic Battle, he engaged in at least ten rounds of combat with Emerl at his maximum potential in less than thirty seconds, highlighting his extraordinary swiftness. Sonic’s maximum speed has been estimated at Mach 1.2 by some sources, while others suggest he can reach supersonic speeds[note 1]Due to a mistranslation, the English version of the instruction booklet for Sonic Adventure calls Sonic “the world’s fastest, hypersonic hedgehog” when the Japanese instruction booklet for the same game states that Sonic can reach supersonic speeds. ranging from 915 to 3,840 mph. There are even accounts claiming Sonic can achieve the speed of light, approximately 671,000,000 mph.[93]Audureau, William; Petronille, Marc (January 1, 2013). The History of Sonic the Hedgehog. UDON Entertainment. ISBN 978-1926778563. “During the day, he was his usual self, able to run anywhere at the speed of light; but at night, he became a slow and savage ‘werehog’, prone to giving his enemies violent smackdowns.”[94]“Profile: Sonic”. Sonic the Hedgehog Super Interactive Annual 2014. Pedigree Books. September 17, 2013. p. 8. ISBN 978-1908152077. “Sonic runs faster that the speed of light and according the Guinness Book of Records, he is officially the fastest video game character of all time!” E-123 Omega has theorized that Sonic’s speed might surpass light speed, a claim supported by Sonic himself, who has dismissed light speed as insignificant compared to his capabilities.[95]Sonic Team, Dimps (November 12, 2010). Sonic Colors. Nintendo DS. Sega. Area/Level: Asteroid Coaster. “Sonic: Too Easy! / Omega: Data 130% higher than previous entry. Suspected error… / Tails: Nice run, Sonic! / Omega: Impossible… At this rate, light speed will be exceeded. / Sonic: Light speed? That’s small time. There’s no challenge! / Omega: Does not compute…” Notably, in Sonic CD, Sonic entered the Time Warp by running at speeds exceeding light speed, further illustrating his unparalleled velocity.[96]Sonic the Hedgehog CD (Mega-CD) Japanese instruction booklet, pg. 16.

Sonic has exhibited unparalleled mastery over his speed in various environments, utilizing it for both offensive and defensive maneuvers.[97]Sonic Rivals 2 (PlayStation Portable) United States instruction booklet, pg. 7. Not only can he dash at maximum velocity in straight lines, but he can also navigate tight circles and sharp turns with precise control over his momentum. Remarkably, Sonic’s stamina appears limitless, as he never shows signs of fatigue from prolonged running. His speed enables him to execute a plethora of impressive feats, including rapid healing, generating shockwaves by spinning rapidly, performing midair leaps, unleashing stunning waves with swift kicks, enhancing the force of his strikes with increased momentum, and erecting barriers of super speed. Additionally, Sonic can spin or rotate his extremities at super speed to generate powerful winds capable of attacking or repelling adversaries, akin to aerokinesis.

Sonic possesses remarkable kineticism and precision, matched by his lightning-fast reaction time. His profound acrobatic skills and agility, coupled with incredible reflexes, enable him to elegantly evade incoming obstacles with finesse and accuracy. Notably, Sonic’s sharp reflexes allow him to anticipate and counter attacks even beyond his line of sight,[98]Sonic Team, Blindlight (November 14, 2006). Sonic the Hedgehog. Xbox 360. Sega. Cutscene: Silver appears (Sonic Episode). as demonstrated in his encounter with Silver. In midair, he effortlessly executes a variety of tricks before landing, showcasing his exceptional jumping prowess, capable of covering distances of several hundred meters, even while carrying additional weight.[99]Sonic Team, Blindlight (November 14, 2006). Sonic the Hedgehog. Xbox 360. Sega. Cutscene: The Chaos Emeralds entrusted (Sonic Episode).

In terms of strength, Sonic exhibits notable power. He can effortlessly manipulate objects larger and heavier than himself, maintaining his agility and speed without hindrance. He displays the ability to smash through metal and rock, as well as inflict damage upon foes many times his size. While the source of this strength may be attributed to his speed, raw physical power, or a combination of both, Sonic’s legs are particularly formidable. With a single kick, he can topple adversaries like the Egg Golem[100]Sonic Team USA (June 23, 2001). Sonic Adventure 2. Dreamcast. Sega. Area/Level: Egg Golem (Dark story). and send Badniks hurtling through the air. Nevertheless, Sonic’s arms are also formidable; he possesses enough strength to dismantle robots manually and punch through solid barriers.[101]Sonic Team (March 13, 2009). Sonic and the Black Knight. Wii. Sega. Cutscene: World Destruction.

Sonic has repeatedly demonstrated remarkable resilience to damage. He withstands attacks from all angles by Eggman’s robots, emerging relatively unscathed, and endures massive explosions and voids powered by Hyper-go-on without injury. He withstands assaults from swords and powerful punches from adversaries like Knuckles. Additionally, Sonic survives atmospheric reentry and impacts from falls at extreme heights, including near-space altitudes, often emerging from these experiences relatively unscathed.

Even at night, when I’m like this, I’m still myself. Not like all the other people we’ve seen. You must have been protecting me this whole time.
I haven’t done anything, Sonic. You’re the reason you haven’t changed at all. You’re too strong to lose yourself!
I’m the reason?
Yeah! You never doubt yourself, no matter what. You never give in to the night, or to the darkness inside your heart.

 Sonic the Werehog and Chip, Sonic Unleashed

Sonic possesses an indomitable and unwavering spirit; in situations where most others would falter or surrender, Sonic remains resolute and determined. Even when faced with overwhelming odds and severe challenges, he never loses faith in himself and continues to fight tirelessly. This remarkable trait enables him to persevere even when exhausted or enduring significant damage.[102]Sonic Team (March 13, 2009). Sonic and the Black Knight. Wii. Sega. Cutscene: Queen of the Underworld. His inner strength allows him to resist mind-controlling powers, such as the corruptive influence of Dark Gaia, and maintain a semblance of control even when possessed by external forces like the Ifrit.

Furthermore, Sonic has demonstrated the ability to tap into the energy of Chaos Emeralds for his own purposes. With a Chaos Emerald in hand, Sonic can unleash the chaos power known as Chaos Control, granting him extraordinary abilities to manipulate time and space. Additionally, he occasionally experiences a power boost when in possession of these mystical gems.

Sonic’s primary offensive technique is the Spin Attack, a move where he transforms into a powerful spinning ball or cutting disk and propels himself towards his targets. This technique allows Sonic to tear through or tunnel through almost any material with sufficient speed and force, capable of breaking through massive boulders.[103]Sonic Team (November 19, 1993). Sonic the Hedgehog CDSega CD. Sega. Area/Level: Opening sequence. Sonic is highly skilled in using this technique and can employ various versions of the Spin Attack for both ground-based and aerial assaults. These include the Spin Dash, Spin Jump, Homing Attack, the super-charged Focused Homing Attack, and the lightning-fast Light Speed Attack, which strikes at the speed of light.

In addition to his Spin Attack, Sonic is proficient in hand-to-hand combat. While he predominantly relies on his swift footwork, leveraging the power of his legs, he occasionally employs his fists and arms, albeit in a more direct manner. His combat style draws heavily from breakdancing techniques,[104]Sonic Battle (Game Boy Advance) United States instruction booklet, pg. 3.[105]Sonic Team (February 27, 2004). Sonic Battle. Game Boy Advance. Sega. “Sonic Flare: Sonic’s heavy attack. He performs a Downward Kick using breakdance moves, which knocks opponents away.” maximizing the use of his legs to deliver rapid, wide-ranging kicks. Sonic is adept at executing various maneuvers, including flying forward kicks, split kicks, and scissor kicks.[106]Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS and Wii U Furthermore, he has demonstrated proficiency in swordsmanship, showcasing his skills during Sonic and the Black Knight. Despite being initially inexperienced, Sonic managed to defeat a dragon, and with formal training, he surpassed even the master swordsmen of the Knights of the Round Table. Sonic seamlessly integrates his speed into swordplay, executing quick and precise slashes, and can transform into a buzzsaw by spinning with his sword, allowing him to effortlessly slice through enemies. Additionally, Sonic has acquired knowledge of Linshao Kung Fu from Shuifon, although he has yet to demonstrate its application in combat.

Sonic exhibits remarkable proficiency in operating various vehicles. He displays exceptional piloting skills, particularly with planes like the Tornado, and demonstrates adeptness in water bike surfing aboard vessels such as the Wave Cyclone. Additionally, Sonic excels in a variety of sports, including boarding, surfing, and recreational activities like grinding. His expertise extends to driving sport cars like the Speed Star, as showcased during Dodon Pa’s Grand Prix, where he competes with other skilled drivers like Shadow. Impressively, Sonic can maneuver his car with equal ease in sideways and backward directions, matching his forward driving abilities.[107]“Dangerous Distractions”. Team Sonic Racing Overdrive. Season 1. Episode 1. March 16, 2019. YouTube.

Furthermore, Sonic has established himself as a world-class Extreme Gear rider. Renowned for his unparalleled speed on Extreme Gear, he surpasses his own running velocity.[108]Sonic Riders: Zero Gravity (Wii) United Kingdom instruction booklet, pg. 4. Sonic’s proficiency in Extreme Gear riding is evident in his ability to compete head-to-head with legendary Wind Masters such as Jet the Hawk. Despite being self-taught, Sonic quickly masters the controls of Extreme Gear and develops advanced techniques. Following his victory over Metal Sonic in a race, who was considered unbeatable and possessed the skills of the world’s finest Extreme Gear riders, Sonic solidifies his status as the premier Extreme Gear rider in the world.

It seems that Sonic has the ability to control the strength and durability of his normally soft quills as needed.[109]Sonic’s Up Throw, Super Smash Bros. Brawl When he is spinning, his quills become extremely hard, resembling buzzsaw blades. This was demonstrated in Sonic Heroes, where his quills (and body) were durable enough to slice through battleships without even moving at the speed of sound. Additionally, Sonic’s quills possess a sensory ability to detect nearby dangers, alerting him by creating a tingling sensation. Another precognitive ability he has is the tendency to sneeze in response to imminent danger. Furthermore, Sonic can transfer his speed throughout different parts of his body, enabling him to initiate movement from stationary positions instantly. He can also channel his speed into objects, accelerating their movements to pierce through solid obstacles, similar to his running speed. Additionally, Sonic has demonstrated an ability resembling a time halt, although its origin remains unknown.

Equipment

While Sonic typically avoids using weapons, particularly showing disdain for firearms,[110]Sonic Team (November 15, 2005). Shadow the Hedgehog. Nintendo GameCube. Sega. Area/Level: Westopolis. “Sonic: To swap your weapon for another weapon that’s on the ground, just press the X Button! Personally, I wouldn’t be caught dead using those things!” he has occasionally wielded various tools during his adventures, although he never adopts them permanently. For instance, Sonic Adventure 2, Sonic utilized Grind Shoes designed specifically for grinding.[111]Sega of America . Sonic Q and A. Sega of America. Archived from the original on June 13, 2004. “Darrell C: Why did you change your shoes in Sonic Adventure 2 Battle? / Sonic: Those were special shoes that were specifically made for grinding. It was something that I’ve always wanted to try and it sure came in handy! Look forward for some more intense and extreme grinding in my next adventure, Sonic Heroes.” In Sonic Battle, he employed deployable landmines in combat, and at one point, he even wielded his own version of the Piko Piko Hammer. In Sonic and the Secret Rings, Sonic wore Shahra’s Ring, enabling him to harness Shahra’s magic. Similarly, Sonic and the Black Knight, Sonic wielded swords; initially, he used Clarent, but later exchanged it for Caliburn, a sentient sacred sword imbued with magical abilities.

Transformations

Super Sonic

Main article: Super Sonic

By tapping into the energy of the seven Chaos Emeralds, Sonic can access a Super State, becoming Super Sonic. This transformation is among Sonic’s most frequently utilized and represents one of his most formidable forms. In this state, all of Sonic’s abilities are greatly enhanced beyond their normal levels. Additionally, he gains the ability to fly and becomes nearly invincible.[112]Sonic Team . Sonic Channel (Japanese)Characters: Super SonicSEGA. Archived from the original on July 1, 2008. Retrieved on June 25, 2008. However, maintaining this transformation requires a significant amount of energy, so it cannot be sustained for extended periods.

Super Sonic 2

Main article: Super Sonic 2

By tapping into the power of the Cyber corruption at half its potential, Super Sonic can ascend to a superior state known as Super Sonic 2. Serving as a “successor” to Super Sonic, this form maintains the same characteristics but experiences a notable boost in power and speed.

Cyber Super Sonic

Main article: Cyber Super Sonic

By fully tapping into the power of Cyber corruption, Super Sonic 2 can ascend to an erratic and frenzied state known as Cyber Super Sonic. This form, a “successor” to Super Sonic 2, retains the traits of its predecessors but experiences an extreme increase in power and speed due to the full potential of the corruption. However, this heightened power comes at the cost of increased suffering for Sonic.

Hyper Sonic

Main article: Hyper Sonic

By harnessing the power of the seven Super Emeralds, Sonic can transcend into an enhanced and more potent version of Super Sonic known as Hyper Sonic. While similar to Super Sonic in many aspects, Hyper Sonic possesses even greater power and all of his abilities in his Super State are significantly amplified.

Hyper Mode

Main article: Hyper Mode

A less potent iteration of the super transformation, Hyper Mode allows Sonic to briefly access heightened abilities by tapping into the power of the Chaos Emeralds independently. In this state, Sonic experiences a significant boost in both speed and attack potency.

Darkspine Sonic

Main article: Darkspine Sonic

By harnessing the power of the World Rings infused with rage, hatred, and sadness, Sonic can undergo a transformation into Darkspine Sonic. In this state, he gains the ability to fly, enhanced strength, unlimited access to his Soul Gauge powers, and elemental control over flames, wind, and darkness. However, due to the intense emotions contained within the World Rings used for his transformation, Sonic becomes slightly darker and more aggressive.

Excalibur Sonic

Main article: Excalibur Sonic

By harnessing the power of the four sacred swords, Sonic can transform into Excalibur Sonic. In this form, Sonic dons a powerful golden armor adorned with a red cape. He gains the ability to fly, increased strength, and the power to wield the legendary sacred sword Excalibur.

Sonic the Werehog

Main article: Sonic the Werehog

After involuntarily absorbing the power of Gaia, Sonic acquired the ability to transform into a werewolf-like entity known as Sonic the Werehog during nighttime. In this form, Sonic sacrificed his iconic speed but maintained his lightning reflexes and agility. Additionally, he gained immense strength, sharp claws, extendable arms, and limited energy manipulation abilities. Despite displaying some feral behavior, Sonic’s strong will prevented him from succumbing entirely to corruption like others might. However, he lost this form permanently when the power of Gaia, which bestowed upon him his Werehog form, was re-absorbed by Dark Gaia.

Color Powers

Main article: Color Power

By harnessing various types of Hyper-go-on energy from Wisps, Sonic can utilize specific Color Powers to undergo different transformations, each granting him unique abilities. These transformations include forms such as a drill, a laser, or even a fireball, with each form possessing distinct powers. Sonic has demonstrated the ability to transform into several Color Powers, including the Cyan Laser, Yellow Drill, Blue Cube, Green Hover, Pink Spikes, Purple Frenzy, Violet Void, Orange Rocket, Red Burst, Indigo Asteroid, Magenta Rhythm, Crimson Eagle, Ivory Lightning, Gray Quake, Black Bomb, and Jade Ghost. However, these transformations necessitate a constant supply of Hyper-go-on energy to be sustained.

Sonic as the Cyan Laser, from the Wii version of Sonic Colors.
Sonic as the Yellow Drill, from the Wii version of Sonic Colors.
Sonic as the Orange Rocket, from the Wii version of Sonic Colors.
Sonic as the Blue Cube, from the Wii version of Sonic Colors.
Sonic as the Pink Spikes, from the Wii version of Sonic Colors.
Sonic as the Green Hover, from the Wii version of Sonic Colors.
Sonic as the Red Burst, from the Nintendo DS version of Sonic Colors.
Sonic as the Purple Frenzy, from the Wii version of Sonic Colors.
Sonic as the Violet Void, from the Nintendo DS version of Sonic Colors.
Sonic as the Indigo Asteroid, from the Wii U version of Sonic Lost World.
Sonic as the Crimson Eagle, from the Wii U version of Sonic Lost World.
Sonic as the Magenta Rhythm, from the Wii U version of Sonic Lost World.
Sonic as the Ivory Lightning, from the Nintendo 3DS version of Sonic Lost World.
Sonic as the Gray Quake, from the Nintendo 3DS version of Sonic Lost World.
Sonic as the Black Bomb, from the Wii U version of Sonic Lost World.
Sonic as the Jade Ghost, from “Sonic Colors: Rise of the Wisps – Part 2”.

Weaknesses

Although Sonic is not afraid of water,[113]“Characters”. The History of Sonic the Hedgehog. Les Editions Pix’n Love. September 6, 2013. p. 225. ISBN 978-1-926778-96-9. “Trivia – Sonic’s creators have admitted that the hedgehog a very bad swimmer, and this fact can be seen in several of his games. Sonic is not afraid of water, but he has a tendency to sink right into the bottom of any body of water he enters.” he struggles significantly with swimming, being considered a very poor swimmer.[114]Sonic the Hedgehog (Sega Game Gear) Japanese instruction booklet, pg. 20.[115]Sonic Team (December 9, 2008). Sonic Unleashed. PlayStation 3. Sega. Area/Level: Adabat. “‘Brenda: Is there anything you CAN’T do, Sonic? Any weaknesses? / [Answer is revealed to be ‘I can’t swim.] / Brenda: Great! What a scoop! This matches all my other data perfectly!” His inability to swim properly is well-documented, and when submerged underwater, his speed is notably reduced. Additionally, it has been noted that if Sonic fails to get a full eight hours of sleep at night, it can negatively impact his running ability.[116]Sega of America (February 2004). Sonic CentralSega of America. Archived from the original on January 24, 2004. “‘Sega.com: Sonic sure is busy — how many hours of sleep does he need per night? / Yuji Naka: Hmm, I suppose he sleeps the ordinary eight hours a night or so, because unless he sleeps well, lack of sleep will affect his run…” Furthermore, when abruptly stopping at high speeds, he often struggles to maintain his balance.

Due to his strong self-confidence and tendency to engage in banter with his enemies, Sonic has a habit of underestimating his opponents and letting his guard down. This behavior has led to instances where he found himself in trouble, such as during his encounter with Infinite in Mystic Jungle and when he was trapped by Eggman onboard the Chaos Energy Cannon during Sonic Unleashed. His impulsive and reckless nature can also lead to trouble, as demonstrated during Sonic Lost World when he disposed of Eggman’s Cacophonic Conch without fully considering the consequences, despite warnings from Tails.

Relationships

Dr. Eggman

You’ve turned into a big-time villain, doctor!

Sonic the Hedgehog, Sonic Adventure 2

Dr. Eggman stands as Sonic’s perpetual adversary and ultimate foe,[117]Sega (December 10, 2021). スーパーソニック & Dr.エッグマン キャラクター紹介 (Japanese)かべがみカバーストーリー. Sonic Channel. Archived from the original on December 10, 2021. whose sinister schemes Sonic has continuously thwarted for many years,[118]Barba, Rick. “The Basics”. Sonic Colors Bradygames Official Guide. BradyGames. p. 2-3. ISBN 948-0-7440-1258-3. dating back to either before[119]Sonic the Hedgehog (Sega Mega Drive) Japanese instruction booklet, pgs. 7-10. or during[120]BumbleKast for August 29th, 2022 – Q&A Livestream with Ian FlynnYoutube (August 29, 2022). Retrieved on August 29, 2022. Sonic the Hedgehog. Describing their relationship in a single word might be “hostile,”[121]“システム編” (in Japanese). ソニックバトル最強攻略ガイド. Shogakukan. January 10, 2004. p. 22. ISBN 978-4091061409. yet fully capturing its complexity proves challenging.

From Sonic’s perspective, Eggman is primarily a formidable adversary, often seen as a significant nuisance. Sonic harbors a deep disdain for Eggman due to his unjust actions, which wreak havoc on Sonic’s friends and the natural beauty of cities and landscapes. Sonic has dedicated years to thwarting Eggman’s malevolent plans, rescuing those affected by his schemes.[122]Sonic Colours (Nintendo DS) United Kingdom instruction booklet, pgs. 3-4. Whenever Eggman devises a new plot for world domination, Sonic reliably emerges to foil his efforts. Through their numerous confrontations, Eggman has evolved into not just an enemy but also a longstanding rival for Sonic.[123]Sonic Generations (Xbox 360) United Kingdom instruction booklet, pg. 5. Their frequent clashes have equipped Sonic with insight into Eggman’s deceptive tactics and true motivations. Moreover, Sonic’s righteous indignation over injustice often finds its target in Eggman, as seen in Sonic the Hedgehog 2 when Sonic angrily confronted Eggman for his destruction of the island’s forests in pursuit of the Chaos Emeralds.[124]Sonic the Hedgehog 2 (Sega Mega Drive) Japanese instruction booklet, pgs. 4-8.

Ha, I may not know what your plan is, but it’s never going to work.

Sonic the Hedgehog, Sonic Rush

Despite his disdain for Eggman, Sonic doesn’t truly view him as an enemy in the conventional sense. Instead, Eggman is more like a rival with whom Sonic enjoys engaging in battles and verbal sparring. Their exchanges often involve insults and witty retorts, with Sonic always ready to counter Eggman’s jibes with his own clever responses. This banter adds an entertaining dynamic to their encounters. Sonic approaches his clashes with Eggman with unwavering confidence, never taking the doctor’s plans too seriously and remaining certain that he can foil them at any time.[125]Sonic Team, Dimps (November 15, 2005). Sonic Rush. Nintendo DS. Sega. Area/level: Leaf Storm (Sonic). “Eggman: Sonic, you little pest! Soon, ultimate power will be within my grasp. And I shall be invincible! / Sonic: Ha, I may not know what your plan is, but it’s never going to work.” In fact, Sonic finds a sense of adventure in thwarting Eggman’s schemes, viewing him as a catalyst for excitement and unpredictability in his life. To Sonic, defeating Eggman is simply part of his routine, akin to an everyday job that he’s become accustomed to.[126]Sonic Team (November 1, 2011) Sonic Generations. PlayStation 3. Sega. Cutscene: Eggman Abducted. “Sonic: No, seriously, we beat this guy every time. It’s like it’s our job or something!”[127]Hesse, Tyson; GGDG (August 26, 2021). “Sonic Colors: Rise of the Wisps – Part 2”. Sonic Colors: Rise of the Wisps. Season 1. Episode 2. YouTube.

Sonic typically adopts a frank or teasing attitude towards Eggman, often using jokes and sarcasm to taunt him. Over time, Sonic has grown increasingly dismissive of Eggman’s schemes, casually referring to him as a “giant talking egg” or a “big loser.”[128]Sonic Team (December 23, 1998). Sonic Adventure. Dreamcast. Sega. Area/level: Mystic Ruins Station Area. “Dr. Robotnik: Ha ha ha ha! If it isn’t Sonic! / Sonic: Look! It’s a giant talking egg! / Dr. Robotnik: Silence! […] I want all the Chaos Emeralds. Better not interfere! Or else! / Sonic: Or else what, ya big loser? / Dr. Robotnik: Or else I’ll take them from you by force… the hard way!” While Sonic may find Eggman more bothersome than truly threatening at times, he remains vigilant about the doctor’s actions. Even when presented with serious threats, Sonic is willing to set aside his differences with Eggman and team up to overcome mutual adversaries. However, Sonic is often wary of Eggman’s motives and suspects ulterior motives, which are frequently proven true.

Despite their adversarial relationship, Sonic has a somewhat affectionate bond with Eggman, often using his alias rather than his real name in a playful manner.[129]Prima Development (June 20, 2001). “Dr. Robotnik, a.k.a. Eggman”. Sonic Adventure 2: Prima’s Official Strategy Guide. Prima Games. p. 3. ISBN 978-0761536147. While Sonic is content with simply thwarting Eggman’s plans, he acknowledges the doctor’s resilience and refusal to give up, ensuring that their conflict remains ongoing. This perpetual battle between Sonic and Eggman spans across various locations and scenarios, symbolizing a perpetual clash of ambition and adventure.

Miles “Tails” Prower

Uh, dude! You can fly anytime you want! And you’re also like a super-genius! You’re basically the coolest guy I know!

Sonic the Hedgehog, “TailsTube #1 (feat. Sonic)

Miles “Tails” Prower is not only Sonic’s best friend but also his faithful and loyal sidekick. Their friendship began when Sonic first encountered Tails on West Side Island, where he noticed the fox following him. Initially indifferent, Sonic became impressed by Tails’ persistence in keeping up with him and allowed him to accompany him. When Dr. Robotnik attacked West Side Island, Sonic and Tails joined forces, solidifying their bond through the conflict. Over time, Tails proved himself to be a valuable ally to Sonic, laying the groundwork for their enduring friendship. Sonic took Tails under his wing,[130]Sega of America . Miles ‘Tails’ ProwerSonic CharactersSega of America. Archived from the original on March 5, 2005. Retrieved on October 26, 2017. “Tails is a young fox that has a knack for building things. He’s as talented as Dr. Eggman, but has yet to discover the true potential of what he really can accomplish. Sonic has taken Tails under his wing and treats him like a younger brother. Tails wants to prove to Sonic that he’s someone to be counted on. Besides his ability to fly using his twin tails, he has become an experienced pilot with the ‘Tornado,’ a plane that Sonic helped him build. Tails’ fearless character and natural talent with mechanical devices come in handy to help Sonic out of danger.” mentoring him and eventually becoming his protege.[131]Sonic Team (March 13, 2009). Sonic and the Black Knight. Wii. Area/Leve: Gallery, Vault 5. “Blacksmith: His real name is Miles Prower. His nickname is Tails. As Sonic’s protégé, he loves to tinker with gadgets. He is only 8 years old.” Sonic also stood up for Tails against bullies, further earning the fox’s admiration and strengthening their bond.[132]Sega of America . Sonic Q and ASega. Archived from the original on June 13, 2004. “JamMai6: Have you ever wished you had a brother? I don’t mean Shadow. / Sonic: Well I actually have a little ‘adopted’ brother in Tails. He and I go way back! Ever since I stopped the bullies from teasing him about having two tails, he’s been like my shadow, following me on every adventure. He’s a really cool inventor and has mad mechanical skills to boot!”

Since their first encounter, Sonic and Tails have become inseparable, evolving their friendship into a brotherly bond. Referred to as the “fastest and greatest duo,”[133]Sega . ソニック & テイルス (Japanese). Sonic Channel. Archived from the original on December 22, 2020. Retrieved on December 23, 2020. their connection is described as having an “Unbreakable Bond,” evident even when Tails was mind-controlled into fighting Sonic, who refused to harm his friend. Sonic sees Tails as a cute surrogate or adopted kid brother,[134]Sonic Heroes (PlayStation 2) North American instruction booklet, pg. 5 yet also values him as a dependable sidekick and equal partner on their adventures, even calling him “the coolest guy he knows.” Tails’ ability to move at high speeds with his twin-tails and fly has frequently aided Sonic in dire situations, along with his mechanical skills and intellect.

Despite Sonic’s impatience, he deeply cares for Tails’ well-being, prioritizing his safety above all else and offering moral support when needed. Their partnership is balanced, with Sonic providing muscle while Tails offers intelligence, making them a formidable team capable of overcoming any challenge. Although Sonic occasionally doubts Tails’ abilities, their friendship remains resilient, with Sonic ultimately apologizing for his lack of faith, reaffirming their strong bond.

Their friendship is rooted in a united bond that allows them to intuitively support each other without needing words. This connection transcends trust, enabling them to face any obstacle together. Through countless adventures, Sonic and Tails will continue to run side by side, remaining best friends for life.[135]“MILES ‘TAILS’ PROWER”. Sonic Adventure Stylebook. p. 20.

Amy Rose

I know little girls who are better with a hammer than you! Well, one anyway!

Sonic the Werehog, Sonic Unleashed 

Amy Rose is Sonic’s longtime friend and self-proclaimed girlfriend,[136]Sonic Adventure (Dreamcast) United States instruction booklet, pg. 24. although Sonic does not reciprocate her romantic feelings.[137]Character Introduction: Hero/ characters for 2P battle. Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved on November 30, 2014. Since their first meeting, Amy has idolized Sonic as her hero and pursued him relentlessly, despite his clear discomfort with her affection. Sonic finds Amy’s advances annoying and often tries to avoid her, viewing her as a burden who slows him down.[138]Sonic Heroes (PlayStation 2) United States instruction booklet, pg. 10.[139]Sonic Team, Sonic Team USA (June 18, 2003). Sonic Adventure DX: Director’s Cut. Nintendo GameCube. Sega. Area/Level: Station Square. “Sonic: I give up! She’s so weird!”[140]Sega of America . Sonic Q and ASega of America. Archived from the original on June 13, 2004. “Dudenc2: Hey Sonic, who is a better friend, Amy Rose, Cream, Knuckles, or Tails? / Sonic: They’re all my friends…I like them all, but that Amy sure can be a pain…sometimes or should I say most of the time!”[141]“Amy Rose”. Sonic the Hedgehog Sticker Collection. Factory Entertainment. 2010. p. 7. He rejects the idea of marrying her and prefers to keep their relationship platonic.

Despite Sonic’s frustration with Amy’s infatuation, he still considers her a close friend and reliable partner.[142]ソニック・ザ・ヘッジホッグ【公式】 (July 13, 2022). 【特別企画】音速!一問一答 ソニックアンサー動画まとめ (2022//6/24実施) (Japanese)YouTube. Retrieved on December 6, 2022.[143]Sega . ソニック & エミー (Japanese). Sonic Channel. Archived from the original on February 22, 2021. Retrieved on February 14, 2021. Deep down, he may have some feelings for her,[144]Prima Development (June 20, 2001). “Amy Rose”. Sonic Adventure 2: Prima’s Official Strategy Guide. Prima Games. p. 3. ISBN 978-0761536147. but he is too shy to admit them openly. Sonic cares about Amy’s well-being and is willing to help her when she’s in trouble, although he sometimes overlooks her during his confrontations with villains.

Their relationship is complex, with moments of tension and affection interspersed throughout their adventures. Despite their differences, Sonic and Amy share a deep bond of trust and understanding, which has developed over their long friendship. They both look forward to their future successes together, despite their occasional misunderstandings and disagreements.

Metal Sonic

Anytime you want a rematch, just let me know. I’ll be waiting.

Sonic the Hedgehog, Sonic Heroes

Metal Sonic is Sonic’s robotic counterpart, created by Dr. Eggman with the sole purpose of destroying Sonic.[145]Sonic Team (February 6, 2004). Sonic Heroes. PlayStation 2. Sega. Area/Level: Metal Overlord. “Metal Overlord: Sonic… I was created for the sole purpose of destroying you.”[146]ソニック & メタルソニック (Japanese)Sega. Archived from the original on May 21, 2021. Retrieved on May 23, 2021. Despite their physical similarities, they have different worldviews; while Sonic lives freely for adventure, Metal Sonic is single-mindedly focused on fulfilling his programming. Despite being rivals, Sonic does not see Metal Sonic as his true enemy but rather as a formidable opponent in their ongoing conflict.[147]Sonic the Hedgehog CD (Mega-CD) Japanese instruction booklet, pg. 7.

Their rivalry began when Metal Sonic kidnapped Amy Rose on Little Planet,[148]Sega of America . Metal SonicSonic CharactersSega. Archived from the original on March 5, 2005. Retrieved on October 26, 2017. “Metal Sonic was created by the evil genius, Dr. Eggman, and is one of Sonic’s earliest foes. He is modeled with extreme accuracy after our blue hero, giving him the ability to predict Sonic’s moves and match his great speed. The red-eyed Badnik first appeared in Sonic CD in 1993.”[149]Sonic Adventure 2: Battle (Nintendo GameCube) United States instruction booklet, pg. 19. prompting Sonic to defeat him and save Amy. Since then, they have engaged in numerous battles, with Sonic always confident in his ability to defeat Metal Sonic. However, Sonic sees Metal Sonic as a serious threat and considers him one of Eggman’s worst creations due to the trouble he causes.[150]Backbone Entertainment, Sega Studio USA (December 7, 2007). Sonic Rivals 2. PlayStation Portable. Sega. Area/Level: Neon Palace Zone. “Sonic: I got a bad feeling about this, Tails! Whenever Metal Sonic’s involved, it always means trouble!”

Despite their rivalry, Sonic respects Metal Sonic’s abilities and enjoys the challenge he presents. He is willing to face Metal Sonic on equal terms and does not seek unfair advantages in their encounters. Metal Sonic’s speed makes him a formidable opponent for Sonic, and their battles are always intense competitions.[151]ソニック・ザ・ヘッジホッグ【公式】 (July 13, 2022). 【特別企画】音速!一問一答 ソニックアンサー動画まとめ (2022//6/24実施) (Japanese)YouTube. Retrieved on December 6, 2022.

How’s it going, Metal? You’re looking as hideous as usual!

Sonic the Hedgehog, “Sonic Colors: Rise of the Wisps – Part 2

Throughout their numerous battles, Sonic has consistently managed to either defeat or tie with Metal Sonic, although often narrowly. However, each victory has only fueled Metal Sonic’s hatred and obsession with surpassing and defeating Sonic. At one point, Metal Sonic’s intense animosity towards Sonic led him to seize control of the Eggman Empire, with the goal of creating a robot kingdom and eliminating his organic counterpart. He even deluded himself into believing that he was the real Sonic and that Sonic was merely his copy.

Despite Metal Sonic being a machine, Sonic sometimes senses the robot’s will, excitement, and unwavering determination to win. Even in the midst of a race, Sonic can feel Metal Sonic’s fierce determination, akin to a burning sensation. Despite their rivalry, Sonic finds himself exhilarated by the challenge of competing against Metal Sonic, pushing himself further to overcome his robotic counterpart. However, Sonic also harbors some concerns for Metal Sonic’s well-being, often attempting to warn him when he pushes his body to its limits. Additionally, Sonic experiences a sense of relief when Metal Sonic survives his own reckless attempts to defeat him.

Despite their adversarial relationship, Sonic rarely condemns Metal Sonic for his villainous actions. Instead, he finds satisfaction in the challenges his rival presents and promises to await any future rematch between them,[152]Sonic Team (February 6, 2004). Sonic Heroes. PlayStation 2. Sega. Area/Level: Ending sequence (Last story). “Sonic: Anytime you want a rematch, just let me know. I’ll be waiting.” demonstrating a mutual respect for their ongoing rivalry.

Knuckles the Echidna

Heh, just letting Knuckles pilot the shuttle on the way over here was more dangerous than you could ever be!

Sonic the Hedgehog, Sonic Adventure 2

Knuckles the Echidna is one of Sonic’s greatest rivals and closest friends. Their relationship is complex, often characterized as that of “best frenemies.”[153]Sega (June 23, 2016). Mario & Sonic at the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. Wii U. Nintendo. Area/Level: Collectibles (Flags). “A red echidna that boasts some serious muscle, Knuckles is what one might call ‘best frenemies’ with Sonic.” Their initial encounter was fraught with tension,[154]Sega . ソニック & ナックルズ (Japanese). Sonic Channel. Archived from the original on January 20, 2021. Retrieved on January 27, 2021. as Knuckles, deceived by Dr. Robotnik, tried to prevent Sonic from halting the Death Egg’s relaunch. This led to a rocky start, with the two initially acting as adversaries. However, when Knuckles realized he had been tricked, they joined forces to thwart Robotnik’s plans and protect the Master Emerald. Despite their initial conflict, they parted ways on good terms.

Because of their initial impressions and contrasting personalities, Sonic and Knuckles did not start off as close friends. Sonic embodies a carefree and cool demeanor, while Knuckles is serious and steadfast. Their differences often lead to arguments and clashes, although their rivalry has evolved into a more comedic dynamic over time. Sonic enjoys teasing Knuckles and provoking reactions from him, finding amusement in their interactions. Despite this playful banter, Sonic respects Knuckles’ dedication and strength. In the past, Knuckles was easily deceived by Dr. Eggman, leading to conflicts with Sonic. However, Knuckles has become more aware of Eggman’s schemes over time, reducing his susceptibility to manipulation. Despite occasional disagreements, Sonic and Knuckles ultimately maintain a mutual respect for each other’s abilities and usually reconcile after conflicts.

Despite their initial differences, Sonic and Knuckles’ relationship has evolved positively over their numerous adventures together. They always come to each other’s aid in times of trouble, showcasing a strong and hot-blooded friendship. While they may exchange banter and complaints, they are perfectly in sync when action is required. Despite their occasional disagreements, they deeply acknowledge and respect each other. Knuckles is considered Sonic’s best friend after Tails, and their relationship is comparable to Sonic and Tails’, characterized by a lack of restraint. They are described as “funny” together by Tails. Although Sonic may not always admit when Knuckles is right, he is always willing to assist him and is grateful for his friendship. They make a great and loyal team, often referred to as “Fighting Buddies.” Sonic provides necessary support and consolation for Knuckles when needed, showing their strong bond. Sonic was deeply affected when he believed Knuckles and others had perished during Sonic Lost World.

Shadow the Hedgehog

He was what he was. A brave and heroic hedgehog, who gave his life to save this planet. Shadow the Hedgehog…

Sonic the Hedgehog, Sonic Adventure 2

Shadow the Hedgehog is an occasional rival of Sonic’s, often mistaken for Sonic due to their similar appearance and abilities, including Chaos Control. Despite initially meeting as enemies, they later teamed up to thwart Gerald Robotnik’s doomsday plans, forming both a lethal rivalry and a bond as comrades.

However, Sonic and Shadow have vastly different personalities and values. While Sonic embodies joy and freedom, Shadow is a brooding loner with a merciless edge. Sonic seeks fun adventures and prioritizes saving the world, whereas Shadow will stop at nothing to achieve his goals, regardless of the consequences. Their conflicting worldviews and moral differences frequently lead to clashes, yet they see these differences as reasons to fight each other.

Despite their rivalry, Sonic does not consider Shadow a true enemy, and their rivalry has evolved into a more friendly yet intensely competitive relationship over time. They both believe they are superior to the other, fueling their rivalry even further.

Sonic and Shadow are acknowledged as very strong rivals, each considering the other their equal. Their clashes showcase their growth and improvement, with Sonic becoming faster and more honed while Shadow grows stronger and more destructive. Despite their competitive nature, they share a mutual respect for each other’s abilities.

Their relationship started with fierce opposition, but over time, they came to recognize each other’s skills, even if they wouldn’t admit it openly. Sonic has personally acknowledged Shadow’s capabilities and heroic acts, such as sacrificing himself to save the world. He also has faith in Shadow’s sense of right and wrong, even when they disagree.

Sonic and Shadow’s close rivalry is unique due to their exceptional physical abilities and strong wills. Despite their differences, they share a philosophy of following their hearts’ desires, leading to collisions, alliances, and conflicts as they cross paths with each other.

Rouge the Bat

Sonic and Rouge the Bat maintain a surprisingly amicable relationship, despite their initial enmity and occasional clashes. Initially enemies due to Rouge’s association with Shadow and Dr. Eggman, they eventually became allies during crises, such as the battle to save the Earth.

Sonic has displayed a forgiving attitude towards Rouge, even after being antagonized by her. During the Emerl incident, despite Rouge challenging him to a battle, Sonic harbored no grudge afterward. He also entrusted Emerl to greet Rouge, indicating a level of trust. However, Sonic remains cautious around Rouge due to her mercenary nature, as evidenced during the Wisp incident.

Their friendship is evident in various instances, such as Rouge attending Sonic’s birthday party and motivating him during critical battles. However, they have found themselves on opposing sides on occasion, such as during the Neo Metal Sonic incident and the Emerl incident.

Sonic views Rouge as a “dependable suspect,” acknowledging her skills but remaining wary of her hidden agendas. Their conversations often involve playful banter, reflecting their good-natured rivalry. Despite occasional deception from Rouge, Sonic values her presence in his adventures and considers her someone he can rely on, albeit with a level of caution.

Cream the Rabbit

What a polite girl…

Sonic the Hedgehog, Sonic Advance 2

Cream the Rabbit is like a younger sister to Sonic, and similarly, she looks up to Sonic as an older brother. Their first encounter was when Dr. Eggman kidnapped Cream and her Chao companion Cheese, prompting Sonic to rescue them. Sonic was impressed by Cream’s politeness and determination to save her mother, Vanilla. Witnessing Cream’s tears over her mother’s kidnapping strengthened Sonic’s resolve to stop Eggman, leading him to save the day.

Despite their brief initial meeting, Cream left a lasting impression on Sonic. Since then, they have teamed up on various adventures, with Cream proving to be a valuable ally to Sonic. Sonic is mindful of Cream’s safety, recognizing her young age and inexperience compared to his other companions. He tries to avoid involving her in dangerous situations, although Cream often insists on accompanying him.

When interacting with Cream, Sonic maintains a calm and gentle demeanor, using encouraging gestures. He struggles at times to convey to Cream that she is too young for certain adventures without making her feel like a child. Sonic respects Cream’s thirst for adventure and encourages her to be both kind and strong. He sees himself as a protective figure for Cream, akin to an older brother, and is always there to offer support and guidance during their adventures.

Team Chaotix

Team Chaotix, a group of detectives for hire, is another faction of Sonic’s trusted friends and allies. Sonic first encountered them during the Neo Metal Sonic incident, where they aided him and his team by keeping Metal Sonic occupied while they prepared to defeat him. Since then, Sonic and Team Chaotix have been on good terms, even attending Sonic’s birthday party during the Time Eater incident.

Sonic has doubts about Team Chaotix’s detective capabilities but trusts them to be ready for action when needed. He has unique relationships with each member of the team. With Vector the Crocodile, Sonic maintains a casual friendship, occasionally poking fun at Vector’s shortcomings while appreciating his positive attitude. Sonic can rely on Vector when necessary and respects his intellect and kind-heartedness.

Regarding Espio the Chameleon, Sonic takes his warnings seriously but playfully thinks Espio is just “playing” detective. Nonetheless, Sonic appreciates Espio’s recognition of his skills and advises him not to push himself too hard. Despite their differing views, Sonic can rely on Espio’s support when needed.

As for Charmy Bee, Sonic has earned his respect and admiration with his skills and speed. He is amazed by Charmy’s carefree nature, although sometimes puzzled by his behavior. Regardless, Sonic trusts Charmy to support him when required.

Overall, while Sonic may have reservations about Team Chaotix’s detective work, he values their friendship and willingness to assist him when needed.

Blaze the Cat

You need to be true to yourself.

Sonic the Hedgehog, Sonic Rush

Blaze the Cat is one of Sonic’s friends and a valuable ally, but their relationship had a rocky start. When they first met during the Sol Emerald incident, Blaze’s mysterious demeanor made Sonic suspicious of her involvement in Eggman Nega’s scheme. However, after learning that Blaze was also opposing Eggman Nega and attempting to resolve the crisis alone, Sonic became friendlier and offered his assistance, which Blaze initially rejected.

Despite Blaze’s reluctance to involve Sonic, he persisted in following her. Their interactions eventually led to a confrontation where Blaze attempted to force Sonic to leave. After their fight, Sonic understood that Blaze had a troubled past and encouraged her not to shoulder all the burden alone. This advice helped Blaze realize the importance of relying on others and being true to herself.

Following this, Sonic and Blaze became genuine friends and collaborated to resolve the crisis caused by Dr. Eggman and Eggman Nega. Since then, their bond has strengthened, and they have become better friends and allies over time.

Sonic initially found Blaze to be too tense and harsh, especially during their first adventure together, when she threatened to use lethal force against Eggman Nega. He also found her overzealous at times. However, as he learned more about Blaze’s past, Sonic mellowed out his opinions of her and came to understand her better. After they became friends, Sonic firmly believed in Blaze and insisted that trust and belief in a friend are essential parts of friendship.

Over time, Sonic and Blaze developed mutual respect and trust. Sonic entrusted Blaze to save Cream, while Blaze trusted Sonic to face Eggman Nega on her behalf. Despite their differences in personality and background, they share similar skills and self-assumed duties. Sonic’s free-spirited approach to life has influenced Blaze’s outlook, helping her understand the true power of friendship and accept her pyrokinetic abilities.

In their present-day relationship, Sonic welcomes Blaze’s distant and noble earnestness, recognizing that she is still shy and withdrawn despite changes in her heart since their first adventure. He respects her sense of responsibility and willingness to solve problems on her own, while also acknowledging her pride in her position. Despite living in different dimensions, they cooperate in times of trouble, striking a balance between taking care of their own worlds and supporting each other when needed. Their partnership in combat demonstrates a brilliant coordination, despite not seeing each other often.

Overall, Sonic and Blaze’s relationship is characterized by mutual respect, trust, and cooperation, despite their differences and the challenges of living in different dimensions. They continue to influence each other positively and contribute to each other’s growth and development.

Silver the Hedgehog

Silver the Hedgehog is both a good friend and a friendly rival to Sonic. Their initial encounter during the Solaris incident saw Silver as a lethal enemy, seeking Sonic’s demise to prevent a devastating event in his era. Despite this, Sonic showed leniency towards Silver, even checking on him after defeating him in their first fight. Sonic quickly forgave Silver and teamed up with him when circumstances changed, impressing Silver with his faith and willingness to help save Silver’s era.

Although their first encounter was erased from history due to a time paradox, Sonic and Silver met again during the Onyx Island incident. Sonic was initially annoyed by Silver’s impatient attitude but welcomed the challenge he presented. They competed to reach Eggman Nega first but ultimately worked together to stop his master plan. Over time, Sonic became more tolerant of Silver’s impatience and retained a friendly competitiveness towards him.

Currently, Sonic and Silver are very friendly towards each other, with Silver offering unwavering support and respect to Sonic. They maintain a friendly rivalry, with Silver noting their showdowns as fun activities. Sonic values Silver’s character, recognizing his positive mental attitude and ability to deal with things head-on. Despite their differences, they make up for each other’s shortcomings when they team up, showcasing a strong bond as good buddies.

Emerl

Emerl… I’m not your guardian anymore, so if there’s one thing I want to leave you with, it’s this: I want you to live your life to the fullest!

Sonic the Hedgehog, Sonic Battle

Emerl was one of Sonic’s closest friends, although their time together was brief. Sonic was the first to establish a link with Emerl and gave him his name. Throughout Emerl’s involvement in various incidents, Sonic made numerous efforts to protect his new friend from those seeking to exploit him, including Dr. Eggman, who aimed to use Emerl to conquer the world.

Despite Emerl’s growing wisdom and intelligence, he remained close to Sonic and exhibited a personality similar to Sonic’s – boastful, impulsive, yet kind-hearted. However, after Emerl’s encounters with Shadow, Sonic decided to step down as his guardian and encouraged Emerl to live his life freely.

Tragically, Emerl’s compassionate nature ultimately led to his destruction when Eggman manipulated him into activating the Final Egg Blaster to destroy the earth. Sonic was forced to confront Emerl aboard Eggman’s spaceship and witnessed his friend’s demise. Despite his grief, Sonic attempted to persuade Emerl to return with him and his friends before comforting Cream and assuring everyone that they would meet Emerl again in the future.

Jet the Hawk

Even without wings, I can still fly! Right?

Sonic the Hedgehog, Sonic Riders

Sonic and Jet the Hawk have been rivals since their first encounter, their relationship defined by their competitive spirits and mutual respect. While Sonic’s ego stems from his positive attitude and belief in his abilities, Jet’s ego comes from his belief in his superiority over others, leading to clashes in their personalities. In their initial meeting, Sonic was defeated by Jet in an Extreme Gear chase, but rather than harboring resentment, Sonic acknowledged Jet as a worthy rival. Initially, their rivalry was somewhat one-sided, with Jet often taunting Sonic, which occasionally irked him. However, Sonic recognized Jet’s prowess as an Extreme Gear rider and maintained a professional yet competitive demeanor. Eventually, Sonic settled their rivalry by defeating Jet in a race, leading to a more friendly relationship based on mutual respect, although they remained firm rivals. Despite their rivalry, Sonic and Jet are willing to cooperate when faced with a greater threat, and they have teamed up on several occasions. Since their initial encounter, Sonic has adopted a more relaxed and tolerant attitude towards Jet, taking his insults and determination to defeat him in stride. Their rivalry persists, and Sonic eagerly anticipates their next rematch, always eager to race Jet on equal terms. Despite their numerous encounters, their rivalry shows no signs of waning, with Sonic always looking forward to their next competition.

Princess Elise

Nothing starts until you take action. If you have time to worry, then run!

Sonic the Hedgehog, Sonic the Hedgehog (2006)

Sonic and Princess Elise the Third shared a deep and intimate connection, marked by a strong bond between them. This relationship was exploited by Mephiles, who orchestrated Sonic’s death to elicit Elise’s tears, thereby releasing Iblis. However, Elise later used the power of the Chaos Emeralds to revive Sonic, transforming him into Super Sonic with a kiss. Sonic expressed his gratitude towards Elise, embracing her with a hug.

Following the defeat of Solaris, Sonic and Elise encountered the weakened form of Solaris’s core. Elise realized that extinguishing the flame at that moment would erase Solaris from existence, potentially preventing her from ever meeting Sonic. Overwhelmed with despair, Elise nearly succumbed to despair, but Sonic encouraged her to stay strong and maintain hope, reminding her to smile. With Sonic’s support, Elise found the courage to blow out Solaris’s flame, triggering a time reboot.

In the aftermath, Sonic observed the Festival of the Sun from a distance, while Elise sensed a familiar presence in his vicinity, hinting at the enduring connection between them despite the altered timeline.

Marine the Raccoon

Marine! Come on. The captain’s not supposed to cry! If you stick with it, then we really will meet again someday!

Sonic the Hedgehog, Sonic Rush Adventure

Marine the Raccoon quickly became friends with Sonic after they met in the Sol Dimension. Despite Marine declaring Sonic as one of her assistants without his consent, Sonic was genuinely annoyed by her bossy behavior and insistence that he follow her orders. However, despite his frustration, Sonic recognized Marine’s admiration for his skills, even though she would occasionally get jealous of him tackling their more dangerous enemies. Marine considered Sonic her “best pupil” and deputy captain, although Sonic often described her as a “hopeless” case.

When Marine discovered that Sonic viewed her as a nuisance, she felt hurt and called him stupid. However, they reconciled after Marine stopped bossing Sonic around. As Sonic departed from Marine’s home with Tails, she showed a newfound maturity that earned Sonic’s respect. Marine expressed her appreciation for Sonic and Tails as her best friends ever, despite shedding tears at their departure. She vowed to reunite with them regardless of any obstacles or boundaries.

Shahra

I’ll have you smiling by the end of this. And that’s not me ordering you as your master. That’s a promise from me to you.

Sonic the Hedgehog, Sonic and the Secret Rings

When Sonic first encountered Shahra, she pleaded for his assistance in saving her world from the Erazor Djinn. Sonic agreed to help under the condition that he could only enter her world if he wore a ring and that she served as his wish granter. Despite Shahra’s acceptance of Sonic as her master and addressing him as “Master,” Sonic felt uneasy about this title and insisted on being called by his real name.

Sonic went to great lengths to ensure Shahra’s safety, even taking a shot from the Erazor Djinn’s Flame of Judgment curse intended for her. As the curse slowly drained Sonic’s life force, Shahra regretted involving him in her world’s affairs. To reassure her, Sonic promised with a pinky swear that he would bring a smile to her face by the end of their adventure, not as her master, but as a friend.

Throughout their journey, Sonic’s carefree demeanor and adventurous spirit sometimes annoyed Shahra. Nonetheless, they remained steadfast companions, and Sonic often sought Shahra’s guidance. Although curious about Shahra’s past with the Erazor Djinn, Sonic respected her privacy and refrained from pressuring her for details when she was hesitant to share.

As their bond grew stronger, Shahra confided in Sonic about her own wish: to restore the Arabian Nights to their former glory. When the time came to confront Erazor, Sonic was shocked to see Shahra obeying him against her will. Determined to prevent her from sacrificing herself in vain, Sonic, for the first time, commanded her to follow her heart, causing Shahra to collapse.

When Shahra sacrificed herself to protect Sonic from a lethal blow by Erazor, Sonic reassured her in her final moments that he harbored no resentment toward her for involving him in the ordeal. After defeating Erazor and sealing him away, Sonic used the first of the three wishes forced upon Erazor to revive Shahra, prioritizing her well-being above all else. Witnessing Shahra’s tears upon her revival, Sonic selflessly wished for a mountain of handkerchiefs, allowing her to cry for as long as she needed.

Erazor Djinn

If this is your world, then it’s a world that I don’t want any part of.

Darkspine Sonic, Sonic and the Secret Rings 

Sonic has been adversaries with the Erazor Djinn ever since discovering his plot to erase the pages of the Arabian Nights. Opposing all forms of evil, Sonic sought to thwart Erazor’s ambitions.

Upon meeting him, Sonic treated Erazor with casual disdain, exhibiting no fear and engaging in playful banter. However, he quickly grew to despise Erazor for repeatedly referring to him as a rat, insisting on his identity as a hedgehog. Initially, Erazor viewed Sonic as inconsequential vermin. Yet, when Sonic took the Flame of Judgment intended for Shahra during their initial encounter, Erazor saw an opportunity to exploit Sonic’s predicament. He coerced Sonic into gathering the seven World Rings under the threat of death if Sonic failed to do so before the Flame of Judgment consumed him.

Throughout their subsequent encounters, Sonic maintained his bold demeanor, often teasing Erazor while pressing him to lift the curse. When Sonic eventually delivered the World Rings, Erazor betrayed him, seeking to eliminate Sonic to seize the Rings’ power fully. After defeating Erazor, Sonic utilized Erazor’s Magic Lamp to make three wishes: to revive Shahra, restore the Arabian Nights, and imprison Erazor within the lamp for eternity. Forced to comply, Erazor’s fate left Sonic disappointed, particularly witnessing Erazor’s plea for Shahra’s assistance as he was confined to the lamp.

Knights of the Round Table

When Sonic encountered the Knights of the Round Table for the first time, they initially regarded him as an enemy, as they were commanded by King Arthur to eliminate Sonic on sight. However, Sonic’s relationship with the group shifted dramatically once they realized Arthur’s deception and came to respect Sonic. Throughout their interactions, Sonic maintained a casual yet observant demeanor, often drawing comparisons between the knights and their counterparts.

Upon meeting Sir Lancelot, who bore resemblance to Shadow in this alternate reality, Sonic engaged him in a duel with a competitive and determined attitude akin to his interactions with Shadow. Despite their rivalry, Lancelot acknowledged Sonic as a formidable opponent, demonstrating a level of respect towards him.

Sir Gawain, resembling Knuckles in this alternate reality, initially displayed hostility towards Sonic, accusing him of attempting to steal a dragon’s treasure and engaging in combat. Sonic, however, sought to avoid conflict as he prioritized saving villagers. Despite Gawain’s aggressive demeanor, Sonic intervened to prevent him from taking his own life and prompted him to reconsider the role of a knight, questioning if there was more to knighthood than serving a king. This interaction hinted at Sonic’s ability to inspire introspection and open Gawain’s eyes to new perspectives.

Initially, Sir Percival, who served as the alternate reality counterpart of Blaze, was another adversary of Sonic. Their first encounter took place when Sonic pursued her sword. Unlike the other knights, Percival showed respect towards Sonic from the outset. She addressed him as “Sir Sonic, Knight of the Wind,” becoming the first person to bestow this title upon him. Following a challenge issued by Percival, Sonic emerged victorious in their duel. When Percival fell from a ledge during the confrontation, Sonic saved her from peril. Although Percival was perplexed by Sonic’s display of chivalry, she did not object to his actions. Later on, Percival demonstrated her gratitude and trust in Sonic by being the first among the Knights of the Round Table to believe in him when he brought them news concerning their king.

Chip

Do I need a reason to want to help out a friend?

Sonic the WerehogSonic Unleashed

Chip is a cherished and close friend of Sonic. Initially, when they first encountered each other, Chip was apprehensive of Sonic’s Werehog form, but soon recognized his benevolent nature. Sonic pledged to aid Chip in recovering his lost memories, which quickly endeared Chip to him, and he expressed heartfelt gratitude. Chip sensed kindness in Sonic and instinctively sought his assistance.

Chip spent much of his time alongside Sonic, forging a strong bond with him. He relished engaging in friendly competitions, such as their lighthearted squabble over the last dumpling in Chun-nan. Despite occasionally irritating Sonic with his guileless bluntness, Chip never harbored ill intentions. He earnestly attempted to lift Sonic’s spirits when his Werehog transformation caused him distress.

Upon regaining his memories, Chip felt immense gratitude towards Sonic for his unwavering support. Despite initially desiring to shield Sonic from his conflict with Dark Gaia and attempting to depart, Sonic persuaded him to remain, asserting that aiding a friend required no justification, to which Chip expressed thanks. During their confrontation with Dark Gaia, Chip prioritized Sonic’s welfare whenever he was vulnerable, ensuring his safety when weakened by the loss of Dark Gaia’s energy or unconscious following the defeat of Perfect Dark Gaia. As they departed when the last continent collapsed, Chip bid Sonic a heartfelt farewell before returning to the surface. Via telepathy, Chip assured Sonic that he would never forget him and would always be by his side.

Wisps

Sonic shares a deeply affectionate relationship with the Wisp race of aliens. Their initial encounter took place during the Wisp incident in Egg Planet Park, where Sonic swiftly intervened to rescue Yacker and a Cyan Wisp from Dr. Eggman’s pursuing forces. This act of kindness earned Sonic the trust of the Wisps, granting him their permission to utilize their Color Powers. Sonic’s first personal bond with a Wisp formed with Yacker, who not only became a close friend but also a crucial ally in liberating other Wisps from Eggman’s captivity. Throughout the ordeal, the Wisps assisted Sonic with their formidable powers, aiding him in overcoming numerous obstacles. Their gratitude towards Sonic was profound, evident when they saved him from peril as Egg Planet Park collapsed and prevented a black hole created by Hyper-go-on from engulfing Sonic’s world.

For Sonic, the Wisps are not just allies but also beloved playmates, with whom he shares a mutual adoration. Their shared love for fun and adventure strengthens their bond, enhancing Sonic’s speed and enjoyment during their escapades. Sonic cherishes the excitement and variety brought by the Wisps’ Color Powers, making their company exhilarating. Through their adventures together, Sonic and the Wisps have evolved into best friends, always ready to support and accompany each other. Despite the language barrier, their communication transcends words, as they connect on a deep emotional level, fostering a profound heart-to-heart connection.

The Deadly Six

Oh, man, when I get my hands on you guys…

Sonic the Hedgehog, Sonic Lost World

The Deadly Six are among Sonic’s most loathed adversaries. Unlike previous foes whom he never truly considered enemies, Sonic harbors genuine contempt for the Deadly Six.

Initially encountering them under Eggman’s control, Sonic treated them with his customary confident mockery. However, when Sonic recklessly destroyed the Cacophonic Conch controlling the Deadly Six, they rebelled, threatening to destroy the world. This shift in dynamic prompted Sonic to confront them with greater seriousness. His hostility escalated when they captured Tails, causing Sonic to lose his composure. Fueled by a desire to rescue his friend, Sonic confronted the Deadly Six with aggression and spite, particularly directed at Zavok, who taunted him with plans to roboticize Tails and the apparent deaths of his friends. During their final confrontation, Sonic’s frustration reached its peak, threatening the Deadly Six aggressively when he believed they had turned Tails into a robot. Ultimately, Sonic defeated the Deadly Six, reclaimed Tails, and reaffirmed his status as a hero.

Encountering Zavok again, albeit in his Phantom Copy form aboard the Death Egg, Sonic’s demeanor remained relaxed. He engaged in his usual confident mockery towards Zavok before and after their fight, displaying his typical laid-back attitude.

Classic Sonic

Hey Sonic! Enjoy your future! It’s gonna be great!

Sonic the Hedgehog, Sonic Forces

Sonic and Classic Sonic share a strong bond and are depicted as being on excellent terms with each other. Their initial confusion upon meeting during the Time Eater incident quickly gave way to a shared determination to address the crisis at hand, setting the foundation for their friendship.

With numerous similarities between them, Sonic and Classic Sonic exhibit remarkable collaboration and teamwork in combat situations. Their relationship is characterized by mutual respect and admiration, with Sonic taking pleasure in teaching Classic Sonic new techniques like the Homing Attack and the Boost that he has yet to learn.

Infinite

Your mask can’t hide how sad and lonely you are! That Phantom Ruby Virtual Reality of yours is the real illusion!

Sonic the Hedgehog, Sonic Forces

Sonic first encountered Infinite in the City, where he was easily defeated by the mysterious henchman of Dr. Eggman. Later, when encountering Infinite at Mystic Jungle and having his first formal meeting with him, Sonic dismissed Infinite’s insinuation that his sweat was due to fear. He explained that he ran all the way to the location to save Silver and smugly pointed out that Infinite failed to leave an impression on him despite the earlier beating, not even knowing his name. Upon learning it, however, Sonic, in his trademark banter, then attempted to get Infinite to reveal the secret to his power, although Infinite refused to divulge the ability. Sonic also expressed some annoyance at Infinite’s reference to him as a “sewer rat.”

Avatar

Here goes, partner! When we join forces, the sky’s the limit!

Sonic the Hedgehog, Sonic Forces

Sonic met the Avatar after the latter escaped from the Death Egg, and the former arrived with a shuttle to rescue them. Together, they proceeded to team up on various missions. Sonic ultimately inspired the Avatar to not give in to their fear against Infinite. Similarly, the Avatar was shown to be loyal to Sonic, making an attempt to save him from Null Space and ultimately succeeding, despite being sucked in with him. After the war was over, Sonic suggested they would see each other around when the Avatar went their own way and took their leave from the Resistance after it was disbanded.

Friends/allies

  • Ali Baba
  • Amy Rose (close friend)
  • Ariem
  • Avatar
  • Barry the Quokka
  • Belle the Tinkerer
  • Big the Cat
  • Blacksmith
  • Blaze the Cat (close friend)
  • Caliburn
  • Chaos
  • Cheese
  • Chip (good friend)
  • Chocola
  • Coconut Crew
    • Colonel
    • Daikun
    • Kylok
    • Muzy
    • Setter
    • Tabby
  • Conductor
  • Conductor’s wife
  • Cream the Rabbit
  • Dodon Pa
  • E-123 Omega
  • Elder Scruffy
  • Emerl
  • Gala the Hound
  • Gardon
  • Gemerl
  • Guardian Units of Nations
    • Commander
  • Honey the Cat
  • Illumina
  • King Shahryar
  • King Solomon
  • Kip the Capybara
  • Knights of the Round Table
    • Sir Gawain
    • Sir Galahad
    • Sir Lamorak
    • Sir Lancelot
    • Sir Percival
  • Knuckles the Echidna (best friend and rival)
  • The Kraken’s crew
    • Batten Rouge
    • Black Rose
    • Catfish
    • Froggy
    • Knuckles the Dread
    • Rusty Rose
    • Sails Tails
  • Lumina Flowlight
  • Marine the Raccoon
  • Merlina the Wizard
  • Mighty the Armadillo
  • Miles “Tails” Prower (best friend and sidekick, close as brothers)
  • Motobud
  • Nimue
  • Norman
  • Omochao
  • Princess Elise the Third
  • Professor Pickle
  • Professor Pickle’s Assistant
  • Ray the Flying Squirrel
  • Resistance
  • Resistance (New Yoke City)
    • Denizen 1998
    • Froggy
    • Rebel Rouge
    • Renegade Knucks
    • Squad Commander Red
  • Restoration
    • Chief Mechanic
    • Lanolin the Sheep
    • Jewel the Beetle
  • Rouge the Bat
  • Scrapniks
  • Scavengers
    • Birdie (Boscage Maze)
    • Froggy
    • Gnarly Knuckles
    • Hangry Cat
    • Mangey Tails
    • Prim Rouge
    • Thorn Rose
  • Shahra
  • Shadow the Hedgehog
  • Silver the Hedgehog
  • Sinbad the Sailor
  • Sticks the Badger
  • Sonic Fan Club
  • Tails Nine
  • Team Chaotix
    • Charmy Bee
    • Espio the Chameleon
    • Vector the Crocodile
  • Tangle the Lemur
  • Trip the Sungazer
  • Tikal
  • United Federation
    • President
  • Vanilla the Rabbit
  • Whisper the Wolf
  • Wisps
    • Jade
    • Mother Wisp
    • Yacker
    • Maggie

Neutral

  • Babylon Rogues
    • Jet the Hawk
    • Storm the Albatross
    • Wave the Swallow
  • Brady
  • E-102 Gamma
  • Herschel
  • Noah
  • Rowdy
  • Sage
  • Void

Enemies

  • Alpha Grim Sonic
  • Artificial Chaos
  • Babylon Guardian
  • Biolizard
  • Black Arms
    • Black Doom
  • Black Dragon
  • Bunny Bones
  • Captain Whisker
  • Chaos Council
    • Dr. Babble
    • Dr. Deep
    • Dr. Don’t
    • Dr. Done-It
    • Mr. Dr. Eggman
  • Chaos Sonic
  • Dark Gaia
  • Dark Gaia’s Minions
  • Deadly Six
    • Master Zik
    • Zavok
    • Zazz
    • Zeena
    • Zomom
    • Zor
  • Dr. Starline
  • Eggman Empire
    • Badniks
      • Amy Doll
      • Eggman Doll
      • Master Robots
      • Mecha Sonic (Sonic the Hedgehog 2)
      • Metal Amy
      • Metal Knuckles
      • Metal Tails
      • Metal Trip
      • Metal Sonic
      • Silver Sonic
    • Tails Doll
    • Chaos Gamma
    • Cubot
    • Dr. Eggman (arch-nemesis)
    • Eggman Army
      • Infinite
      • Phantom Copies
    • Orbot
  • Eggman Nega
  • The End
  • Erazor Djinn
  • Fang’s Gang
    • Bark the Polar Bear
    • Bean the Dynamite
    • Fang the Hunter
  • Fox Bullies
  • Grim Amy
  • Grim Birdie
  • Grim Big
  • Grim Knuckles
  • Grim Rouge
  • Hyudoro
  • Ifrit
  • Jack
  • Johnny
  • King Arthur
  • Kitsunami the Fennec
  • Maginaryworld monster
  • Mephiles the Dark
  • Prismatic Titan
  • Mini & Mum
  • Mirage Express
  • Rough the Skunk
  • SCR-HD
  • Solaris
  • Tumble the Skunk
  • Surge the Tenrec
  • Su
  • Time Eater
  • Uh
  • Witchcart
  • Witchcarters
    • Bearanger
    • Carrotia
    • Hocke-Wulf

Notes

  1. Due to a mistranslation, the English version of the instruction booklet for Sonic Adventure calls Sonic “the world’s fastest, hypersonic hedgehog” when the Japanese instruction booklet for the same game states that Sonic can reach supersonic speeds.

References

  1. “Profile: Sonic”. Sonic the Hedgehog Super Interactive Annual 2014. Pedigree Books. September 17, 2013. p. 14. ISBN 978-1908152077. “Sonic’s birthday is June 23rd and he was born on Christmas Island.”
  2. Devra Newberger Speregen (September 2016). “5: Sonic’s Friends and Foes!”. Sonic: His Amazing History!. Scholastic. p. 55. ISBN 978-1338033236. “BIRTHDAY: June 23”
  3. Yuji Naka / 中 裕司 on Twitter (Japanese)Twitter (June 23, 2020). Archived from the original on June 23, 2020. Retrieved on January 27, 2021. “Happy birthday Sonic!! 今日でソニックも29周年ですね。 6月23日をソニックの誕生日って僕が決めたのですが、今思うと色々と気になります。 ソニック誕生日にソニックナノブロックが届きました。 日本では今週映画ソニック公開で楽しみです。 みなさんソニックを長く愛してくれてありがとうございます”
  4. (in Japanese) SPEC vol. 7Sega Enterprises, Ltd.. November 1990. p. 79. “[R]まずは、出生地。[ソ]クリスマス・アイランド。君達の世界とは全く違った不思議な世界さ、ボクはそこで仲間達と暮らしてるんだ。”
  5. Sonic the Hedgehog 2 Mega Drive Official Guide Book. Shogakukan. December 1992. p. 22. ISBN 978-4091024145.
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    セガい共通テスト受験終了!”
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  67. Sumo Digital (May 21, 2019). Team Sonic Racing. PlayStation 4. Sega. Area/Level: Chapter 5: The Race Continues. “Silver: Right, yeah, okay. Winning. You ever have one of those feelings? Like… like… / Sonic: Like you’re about to get your car fed to you by a blue hedgehog? No, never. / Silver: I’m not hungry, but thanks. / Sonic: Wow dude, you take all the fun out of trash talking.”
  68. Sega (December 3, 2021). スーパーソニック & Dr.エッグマン 後編 (Japanese)かべがみカバーストーリー. Sonic Channel. Archived from the original on December 3, 2021.
  69. Sonic R (Sega Saturn) Japanese instruction booklet, pgs. 4-5.
  70. Sumo Digital (May 21, 2019). Team Sonic Racing. PlayStation 4. Sega. Cutscene: 004. “Sonic: Ha Ha! That was awesome! As much as I like to run, it was really fun to drive this thing!”
  71. Sonic Team (November 4, 2010). Sonic Free Riders. Xbox 360. Sega. Cutscene: Cutscene 7 (Team Babylon’s story). “Sonic: Looks like you win this time around, Jet. / Jet: You’re awfully calm about it. Aren’t you ashamed at being beaten?? / Sonic: Why? Luck is a big part of victory? This just means you were the lucky one today.”
  72. Sonic Team (November 4, 2010). Sonic Free Riders. Xbox 360. Sega. Cutscene: Cutscene 8 (Team Babylon’s story). “Sonic: I gotta hand it to you, Jet. I couldn’t touch you out there today. / Jet: Then get training. I’ll give you a rematch any day of the week.”
  73. Sonic Team (November 4, 2010). Sonic Free Riders. Xbox 360. Sega. Cutscene: Cutscene 5 (Team Dark’s story). “Rouge: Well that was certainly over fast. / Sonic: You’ve improved, Shadow. Next time it’s my turn to surprise you. / Shadow: No matter how many times you try, you can’t win.”
  74. Sonic Team (November 4, 2010). Sonic Free Riders. Xbox 360. Sega. Cutscene: Cutscene 2 (Team Heroes’ story). “Amy: Yeesh, Sonic! Would it have killed you to go a little easy out there? / Sonic: Hey, this is a serious competition, Amy. / Amy: Chivalry is serious business, too! I’m a LADY! / Sonic: Hey Tails, Knuckles… Back me up on this, would you? / Tails: You know that Sonic never holds back, Amy. I thought you liked that about him?”
  75. Sonic Team, Blindlight (November 24, 2006). Sonic the Hedgehog. PlayStation 3. Sega. Cutscene: Battleship explosion (Sonic Episode).
  76. Sonic Team (December 9, 2008). Sonic Unleashed. PlayStation 3. Sega. Cutscene: No Reason. “Werehog: I’ll bet it’s thanks to you. / Chip: Hmm? / Werehog: Even at night, when I’m like this. I’m still myself. Not like all the other people we’ve seen. You must have been protecting me this whole time. / Chip: I haven’t done anything, Sonic. You’re the reason you haven’t changed at all. You’re too strong to lose yourself! / Werehog: I’m the reason? / Chip: Yeah! You never doubt yourself, no matter what. You never give in to the night, or to the darkness inside your heart.”
  77. Sonic Team (February 27, 2004). Sonic Battle. Game Boy Advance. Sega. Area/Level: Gimme Shelter (Cream’s Episode). “Emerl: Ha! Fodder! You’re just fodder! Ha ha ha ha! / […] / Cream: Emerl, please stop! / Emerl: Haa haa… …Why? Cream? / Cream: *sniffle* *sobs* / Emerl: Cream… Are you ‘sad’? / Cream: Yes… / […] / Emerl: ‘There’s nothing worse than making a girl cry!’ That’s what Sonic said…”
  78. Sega of America . Sonic Q and A. Sega of America. Archived from the original on June 13, 2004. “Jake B.: Which bad guy is the biggest pain in your neck? Dr. Eggman, Metal Sonic, Shadow the Hedgehog, Other? / Sonic: Well I really don’t consider any of these guys my enemy in the true sense. Dr. Eggman has always found a way to make life an adventure for me and I love spoiling his evil plans. As for Shadow and Metal Sonic, I just enjoy testing my skills against them too. You know me, I love adventures!”
  79. Sega (July 29, 2021). ソニック & ルージュ 前編 (Japanese). Sonic Channel. Archived from the original on July 29, 2021. Retrieved on October 26, 2021.
  80. Sega (August 17, 2021). ソニック & ルージュ 後編 (Japanese). Sonic Channel. Archived from the original on August 17, 2021. Retrieved on October 26, 2021.
  81. Sonic Team (November 16, 2010). Sonic Colors. Wii. Sega. Area/Level: Tropical Resort. “Sonic: He [Eggman] loves to hear his own lips flap, but I gotta hand it to the Eggster, this place is epic. Everyone and their brother is gonna want to come here. / Tails: No doubt but now I’m not sure why we’re here? This place looks totally harmless. / […] / Sonic: Plot or not, you can’t be mad at this view. This place is takin’ beauty to the next level.”
  82. Sega (March 31, 2023). The Murder of Sonic the Hedgehog. Steam. Sega. Area/level: Dining Car. “Sonic: Aw man! The windows are all covered up now… I never got to look at the pretty views… / *Barry the Quokka: W-what? What’s wrong?? / Sonic: Amy was saying the train’s sights couldn’t be beat. I was excited!”
  83. Sonic Team (November 16, 2010). Sonic Colors. Wii. Sega. Area/Level: Planet Wisp. “Sonic: You know, as alien as this place is, there is something very… Eggmanish about it. / Tails: I think he’s transforming it somehow. Making it part of his theme park. / […] / Sonic: It looks like the ‘theme’ of his park is universal domination and conquest of alien races. / Tails: It’s more than a theme; it’s a reality. He’s using them like some kind of living intergalactic gasoline. / Sonic: That’s pretty low, even for a sleazeball like Eggman.”
  84. Sonic Team, Dimps (November 12, 2010). Sonic Colors. Nintendo DS. Sega. Area/Level: Sweet Mountain. “Sonic: Heh! That was barely a warm-up! / Silver: Not half bad, Sonic. / Blaze: You’re even sharper now than when we last met.”
  85. Sonic Team (November 7, 2017). Sonic Forces. Nintendo Switch. Sega. Area/Level: Vs. Infinite. “Infinite: Impossible! Your abilities exceed your previous data! / Sonic: Unlike mechs, I can grow. I get more powerful every second!”
  86. Sonic Team (February 27, 2004). Sonic Battle. Game Boy Advance. Sega. Area/Level: Emerald Beach (Rouge’s story). “Rouge: You’ve got much stronger… / Sonic: I’ve got something to protect…”
  87. Sonic Rivals (PlayStation Portable) United States instruction booklet, pg. 8.
  88. Sega of America . Sonic Q and ASega. Archived from the original on June 13, 2004. “From Your Ultimate Fan: How fast can you go (MPH) and how long would it take you to run around the world once? Also, who could beat you in a race, Knuckles, Tails, Shadow, Cream, Rouge, Amy or Dr. Eggman? / Sonic: I have the ability to instantly accelerate to the speed of sound. That’s about 760 MPH at 59*F…pretty fast, huh? The only character that would really have a chance against me would be Shadow…but then again, I’ve never lost a race!”
  89. Sonic Team (February 6, 2004). Sonic Heroes. PlayStation 2. Sega. Cutscene: Opening (Team Sonic).
  90. Sonic R (Sega Saturn) United States instruction booklet, pg. 17.
  91. Sonic Team (March 13, 2009). Sonic and the Black Knight. Wii. Sega. Cutscene: Opening.
  92. Sonic Unleashed (PlayStation 3) European instruction booklet, pg. 12.
  93. Audureau, William; Petronille, Marc (January 1, 2013). The History of Sonic the Hedgehog. UDON Entertainment. ISBN 978-1926778563. “During the day, he was his usual self, able to run anywhere at the speed of light; but at night, he became a slow and savage ‘werehog’, prone to giving his enemies violent smackdowns.”
  94. “Profile: Sonic”. Sonic the Hedgehog Super Interactive Annual 2014. Pedigree Books. September 17, 2013. p. 8. ISBN 978-1908152077. “Sonic runs faster that the speed of light and according the Guinness Book of Records, he is officially the fastest video game character of all time!”
  95. Sonic Team, Dimps (November 12, 2010). Sonic Colors. Nintendo DS. Sega. Area/Level: Asteroid Coaster. “Sonic: Too Easy! / Omega: Data 130% higher than previous entry. Suspected error… / Tails: Nice run, Sonic! / Omega: Impossible… At this rate, light speed will be exceeded. / Sonic: Light speed? That’s small time. There’s no challenge! / Omega: Does not compute…”
  96. Sonic the Hedgehog CD (Mega-CD) Japanese instruction booklet, pg. 16.
  97. Sonic Rivals 2 (PlayStation Portable) United States instruction booklet, pg. 7.
  98. Sonic Team, Blindlight (November 14, 2006). Sonic the Hedgehog. Xbox 360. Sega. Cutscene: Silver appears (Sonic Episode).
  99. Sonic Team, Blindlight (November 14, 2006). Sonic the Hedgehog. Xbox 360. Sega. Cutscene: The Chaos Emeralds entrusted (Sonic Episode).
  100. Sonic Team USA (June 23, 2001). Sonic Adventure 2. Dreamcast. Sega. Area/Level: Egg Golem (Dark story).
  101. Sonic Team (March 13, 2009). Sonic and the Black Knight. Wii. Sega. Cutscene: World Destruction.
  102. Sonic Team (March 13, 2009). Sonic and the Black Knight. Wii. Sega. Cutscene: Queen of the Underworld.
  103. Sonic Team (November 19, 1993). Sonic the Hedgehog CDSega CD. Sega. Area/Level: Opening sequence.
  104. Sonic Battle (Game Boy Advance) United States instruction booklet, pg. 3.
  105. Sonic Team (February 27, 2004). Sonic Battle. Game Boy Advance. Sega. “Sonic Flare: Sonic’s heavy attack. He performs a Downward Kick using breakdance moves, which knocks opponents away.”
  106. Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS and Wii U
  107. “Dangerous Distractions”. Team Sonic Racing Overdrive. Season 1. Episode 1. March 16, 2019. YouTube.
  108. Sonic Riders: Zero Gravity (Wii) United Kingdom instruction booklet, pg. 4.
  109. Sonic’s Up Throw, Super Smash Bros. Brawl
  110. Sonic Team (November 15, 2005). Shadow the Hedgehog. Nintendo GameCube. Sega. Area/Level: Westopolis. “Sonic: To swap your weapon for another weapon that’s on the ground, just press the X Button! Personally, I wouldn’t be caught dead using those things!”
  111. Sega of America . Sonic Q and A. Sega of America. Archived from the original on June 13, 2004. “Darrell C: Why did you change your shoes in Sonic Adventure 2 Battle? / Sonic: Those were special shoes that were specifically made for grinding. It was something that I’ve always wanted to try and it sure came in handy! Look forward for some more intense and extreme grinding in my next adventure, Sonic Heroes.”
  112. Sonic Team . Sonic Channel (Japanese)Characters: Super SonicSEGA. Archived from the original on July 1, 2008. Retrieved on June 25, 2008.
  113. “Characters”. The History of Sonic the Hedgehog. Les Editions Pix’n Love. September 6, 2013. p. 225. ISBN 978-1-926778-96-9. “Trivia – Sonic’s creators have admitted that the hedgehog a very bad swimmer, and this fact can be seen in several of his games. Sonic is not afraid of water, but he has a tendency to sink right into the bottom of any body of water he enters.”
  114. Sonic the Hedgehog (Sega Game Gear) Japanese instruction booklet, pg. 20.
  115. Sonic Team (December 9, 2008). Sonic Unleashed. PlayStation 3. Sega. Area/Level: Adabat. “‘Brenda: Is there anything you CAN’T do, Sonic? Any weaknesses? / [Answer is revealed to be ‘I can’t swim.] / Brenda: Great! What a scoop! This matches all my other data perfectly!”
  116. Sega of America (February 2004). Sonic CentralSega of America. Archived from the original on January 24, 2004. “‘Sega.com: Sonic sure is busy — how many hours of sleep does he need per night? / Yuji Naka: Hmm, I suppose he sleeps the ordinary eight hours a night or so, because unless he sleeps well, lack of sleep will affect his run…”
  117. Sega (December 10, 2021). スーパーソニック & Dr.エッグマン キャラクター紹介 (Japanese)かべがみカバーストーリー. Sonic Channel. Archived from the original on December 10, 2021.
  118. Barba, Rick. “The Basics”. Sonic Colors Bradygames Official Guide. BradyGames. p. 2-3. ISBN 948-0-7440-1258-3.
  119. Sonic the Hedgehog (Sega Mega Drive) Japanese instruction booklet, pgs. 7-10.
  120. BumbleKast for August 29th, 2022 – Q&A Livestream with Ian FlynnYoutube (August 29, 2022). Retrieved on August 29, 2022.
  121. “システム編” (in Japanese). ソニックバトル最強攻略ガイド. Shogakukan. January 10, 2004. p. 22. ISBN 978-4091061409.
  122. Sonic Colours (Nintendo DS) United Kingdom instruction booklet, pgs. 3-4.
  123. Sonic Generations (Xbox 360) United Kingdom instruction booklet, pg. 5.
  124. Sonic the Hedgehog 2 (Sega Mega Drive) Japanese instruction booklet, pgs. 4-8.
  125. Sonic Team, Dimps (November 15, 2005). Sonic Rush. Nintendo DS. Sega. Area/level: Leaf Storm (Sonic). “Eggman: Sonic, you little pest! Soon, ultimate power will be within my grasp. And I shall be invincible! / Sonic: Ha, I may not know what your plan is, but it’s never going to work.”
  126. Sonic Team (November 1, 2011) Sonic Generations. PlayStation 3. Sega. Cutscene: Eggman Abducted. “Sonic: No, seriously, we beat this guy every time. It’s like it’s our job or something!”
  127. Hesse, Tyson; GGDG (August 26, 2021). “Sonic Colors: Rise of the Wisps – Part 2”. Sonic Colors: Rise of the Wisps. Season 1. Episode 2. YouTube.
  128. Sonic Team (December 23, 1998). Sonic Adventure. Dreamcast. Sega. Area/level: Mystic Ruins Station Area. “Dr. Robotnik: Ha ha ha ha! If it isn’t Sonic! / Sonic: Look! It’s a giant talking egg! / Dr. Robotnik: Silence! […] I want all the Chaos Emeralds. Better not interfere! Or else! / Sonic: Or else what, ya big loser? / Dr. Robotnik: Or else I’ll take them from you by force… the hard way!”
  129. Prima Development (June 20, 2001). “Dr. Robotnik, a.k.a. Eggman”. Sonic Adventure 2: Prima’s Official Strategy Guide. Prima Games. p. 3. ISBN 978-0761536147.
  130. Sega of America . Miles ‘Tails’ ProwerSonic CharactersSega of America. Archived from the original on March 5, 2005. Retrieved on October 26, 2017. “Tails is a young fox that has a knack for building things. He’s as talented as Dr. Eggman, but has yet to discover the true potential of what he really can accomplish. Sonic has taken Tails under his wing and treats him like a younger brother. Tails wants to prove to Sonic that he’s someone to be counted on. Besides his ability to fly using his twin tails, he has become an experienced pilot with the ‘Tornado,’ a plane that Sonic helped him build. Tails’ fearless character and natural talent with mechanical devices come in handy to help Sonic out of danger.”
  131. Sonic Team (March 13, 2009). Sonic and the Black Knight. Wii. Area/Leve: Gallery, Vault 5. “Blacksmith: His real name is Miles Prower. His nickname is Tails. As Sonic’s protégé, he loves to tinker with gadgets. He is only 8 years old.”
  132. Sega of America . Sonic Q and ASega. Archived from the original on June 13, 2004. “JamMai6: Have you ever wished you had a brother? I don’t mean Shadow. / Sonic: Well I actually have a little ‘adopted’ brother in Tails. He and I go way back! Ever since I stopped the bullies from teasing him about having two tails, he’s been like my shadow, following me on every adventure. He’s a really cool inventor and has mad mechanical skills to boot!”
  133. Sega . ソニック & テイルス (Japanese). Sonic Channel. Archived from the original on December 22, 2020. Retrieved on December 23, 2020.
  134. Sonic Heroes (PlayStation 2) North American instruction booklet, pg. 5
  135. “MILES ‘TAILS’ PROWER”. Sonic Adventure Stylebook. p. 20.
  136. Sonic Adventure (Dreamcast) United States instruction booklet, pg. 24.
  137. Character Introduction: Hero/ characters for 2P battle. Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved on November 30, 2014.
  138. Sonic Heroes (PlayStation 2) United States instruction booklet, pg. 10.
  139. Sonic Team, Sonic Team USA (June 18, 2003). Sonic Adventure DX: Director’s Cut. Nintendo GameCube. Sega. Area/Level: Station Square. “Sonic: I give up! She’s so weird!”
  140. Sega of America . Sonic Q and ASega of America. Archived from the original on June 13, 2004. “Dudenc2: Hey Sonic, who is a better friend, Amy Rose, Cream, Knuckles, or Tails? / Sonic: They’re all my friends…I like them all, but that Amy sure can be a pain…sometimes or should I say most of the time!”
  141. “Amy Rose”. Sonic the Hedgehog Sticker Collection. Factory Entertainment. 2010. p. 7.
  142. ソニック・ザ・ヘッジホッグ【公式】 (July 13, 2022). 【特別企画】音速!一問一答 ソニックアンサー動画まとめ (2022//6/24実施) (Japanese)YouTube. Retrieved on December 6, 2022.
  143. Sega . ソニック & エミー (Japanese). Sonic Channel. Archived from the original on February 22, 2021. Retrieved on February 14, 2021.
  144. Prima Development (June 20, 2001). “Amy Rose”. Sonic Adventure 2: Prima’s Official Strategy Guide. Prima Games. p. 3. ISBN 978-0761536147.
  145. Sonic Team (February 6, 2004). Sonic Heroes. PlayStation 2. Sega. Area/Level: Metal Overlord. “Metal Overlord: Sonic… I was created for the sole purpose of destroying you.”
  146. ソニック & メタルソニック (Japanese)Sega. Archived from the original on May 21, 2021. Retrieved on May 23, 2021.
  147. Sonic the Hedgehog CD (Mega-CD) Japanese instruction booklet, pg. 7.
  148. Sega of America . Metal SonicSonic CharactersSega. Archived from the original on March 5, 2005. Retrieved on October 26, 2017. “Metal Sonic was created by the evil genius, Dr. Eggman, and is one of Sonic’s earliest foes. He is modeled with extreme accuracy after our blue hero, giving him the ability to predict Sonic’s moves and match his great speed. The red-eyed Badnik first appeared in Sonic CD in 1993.”
  149. Sonic Adventure 2: Battle (Nintendo GameCube) United States instruction booklet, pg. 19.
  150. Backbone Entertainment, Sega Studio USA (December 7, 2007). Sonic Rivals 2. PlayStation Portable. Sega. Area/Level: Neon Palace Zone. “Sonic: I got a bad feeling about this, Tails! Whenever Metal Sonic’s involved, it always means trouble!”
  151. ソニック・ザ・ヘッジホッグ【公式】 (July 13, 2022). 【特別企画】音速!一問一答 ソニックアンサー動画まとめ (2022//6/24実施) (Japanese)YouTube. Retrieved on December 6, 2022.
  152. Sonic Team (February 6, 2004). Sonic Heroes. PlayStation 2. Sega. Area/Level: Ending sequence (Last story). “Sonic: Anytime you want a rematch, just let me know. I’ll be waiting.”
  153. Sega (June 23, 2016). Mario & Sonic at the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. Wii U. Nintendo. Area/Level: Collectibles (Flags). “A red echidna that boasts some serious muscle, Knuckles is what one might call ‘best frenemies’ with Sonic.”
  154. Sega . ソニック & ナックルズ (Japanese). Sonic Channel. Archived from the original on January 20, 2021. Retrieved on January 27, 2021.