in: Manga

Sonic the Hedgehog (manga)

This article is about the 1992 manga series. For other Sonic manga series, see manga.

Sonic the Hedgehog (ソニック・ザ・ヘッジホッグ Sonikku za Hejjihoggu) is a manga series that was serialized in Shogakukan’s Study Magazine (小学館の学習雑誌 Shōgakukan no Gakushū Zasshi) for primary school children and Bessatsu CoroCoro Comic Special (別冊コロコロコミックSpecial Bessatsu Korokoro Komikku Special). It was published in Japan between 1992 and 1994. The series is loosely based on the video game series, with an original story concept developed by Kenji Terada.[1]Overview of manga’s publication. Sonic the Hedgehog Manga. Archived from the original on 25 November 2011. Retrieved on 1 April 2015.

Sega of Japan’s marketing department devised the strategy to get the Sonic manga published by Shogakukan to appeal to primary school children. The Sega of Japan design team was involved in the creation of the characters.[2]Summer of Sonic 2013 – Kazuyuki Hoshino Q&AYouTube. The Sonic Show (4 August 2013).

The first comic story was published in the April 1992 issue of Shogaku Ninensei (小学二年生 Shōgaku ni Nensei).


The serialized manga takes place in Hedgehog Town, where a young hedgehog named Nicky lives. Nicky has the ability to turn into Sonic the Hedgehog, as this incarnation of the main character is Nicky’s alternate persona. In this town, Sonic, along with Miles “Tails” Prower and Charmy Bee, arises to challenge Dr. Eggman. The serialized manga features Nicky with several friends in Hedgehog Town, including his girlfriend Amy and his best friend Little John. Nicky also encounters a lizard bully named Anton Veruca and his brother Mad. Nicky’s family includes his mother, Brenda, his father, Paulie, and his little sister, Tania. Except for Tails, nobody knows that Nicky is actually Sonic the Hedgehog, not even Nicky himself.

Each manga strip follows a simple and recurrent plot: Nicky is a peaceful boy who enjoys spending time with his beloved girlfriend Amy, his sister Tania, and his friend Little John. However, his peace is often disrupted by Dr. Eggman’s schemes or the troublemaker Anton Veruca. Amy encourages Nicky to stand up to the bad guys, but Nicky, being shy and somewhat cowardly, often fails, with Amy usually ending up as a captive. However, Nicky’s desire to save Amy and be victorious transforms him into the supersonic hero Sonic, who saves the day in no time.

There are a few misunderstandings regarding the figure of the heroic Sonic, who succeeds where Nicky fails. This makes Amy long for Sonic more than Nicky on several occasions, causing Nicky to feel jealous of himself. Eventually, Dr. Eggman and Anton Veruca start suspecting that Nicky has something to do with Sonic, but Nicky simply replies that he does not even know the blue hedgehog everyone is talking about.


Main Characters

  • Nicky: A sweet and even-tempered hedgehog. His biggest dream is to defeat the forces of evil and be considered a hero; unfortunately, he is weak and a bit of a coward. Even if the people near him believe in him, he doesn’t have the nerve to take action, which is why he is often bullied by Anton or Eggman. Romantic and reflective, Nicky loves to spend time with his girlfriend and his friends. Even though Nicky doesn’t have the strength to save the day, when his help is really required, he will eventually transform into his alter-ego, Sonic.
    • Sonic the Hedgehog: Cocky and overconfident, Sonic seems to be the exact opposite of Nicky. Sonic always arrives just in the nick of time to save the day and knows exactly what must be done. Sarcastic and heroic, he appears to be perfect. Interestingly, he has a conscience and a memory of his own that seems to have nothing to do with Nicky’s, explaining Nicky’s obliviousness to Sonic’s existence.
  • Doctor Eggman: A genius mad scientist who, with the aid of his machines and robot minions, aims to unlock the secret of Sonic’s powers and conquer the world. A master of disguise, Eggman frequently uses costumes to deceive and trap Nicky and his friends. Recurring disguises include a traffic cop and a postman.
  • Miles “Tails” Prower: A two-tailed fox who knows Sonic and tries to follow him everywhere, even calling him his big brother. In his introduction in the CoroCoro comics, he is shown with a bit of attitude, wearing sunglasses and owning a sports car. Since then, he becomes either a good partner for Nicky or a sidekick for Sonic, helping him out of many situations. Often, he also gets captured or into trouble along with the rest of the group.
  • Amy Rose: Nicky’s close friend and romantic interest. Amy cares a lot for Nicky but wishes he could be braver, like Sonic.
  • Anton Veruca: He claims to be the number one hooligan of the city. Spiteful and arrogant, he enjoys creating trouble, particularly targeting poor Nicky, who is unable to protect himself and his friends from him. He fiercely teases and embarrasses Nicky whenever he tries to react. However, he also enjoys troubling all the people dear to Nicky, such as Little John and, most of all, Amy, for whom he shows an attraction. His worst enemy is Sonic, the only one who can defeat him without breaking a sweat. Often, he swears revenge at the end of the story but is never able to do anything against the supersonic hero. Nicky fears him and often wishes to be strong and old enough to beat him, but he doesn’t dare to defy him, as he is too afraid. When he tries, he quickly gets knocked unconscious.
  • Charmy Bee: A small bee who becomes friends with Nicky and the other kids.

Recurring Characters

  • Tania/Anita: A young hedgehog with a tomboy attitude. She is usually seen with her brother Nicky and his friends. She is a good friend of Amy and sometimes acts like a little sister to her. Tania likes to tease people in an innocent way. Unlike her brother, she has more nerve. In a story where she was captured by Eggman, she was not only unafraid but actually amused by how she could push around the villain’s robots to do her bidding. She is usually named Tania, except in stories written by Sango Morimoto, where she is named Anita.
  • Little John: Nicky’s best friend. A fat and gluttonous hedgehog, he spends most of his time eating.
  • Brenda: Nicky’s mother, who is rarely shown during the comic’s run.
  • Paulie: Nicky’s father. Formerly a supersonic jet test pilot, Paulie now pilots a mail-carrying seaplane. Nicky admires him greatly and wishes to grow up to be as strong and courageous as he is.
  • Mad: One of Anton Veruca’s younger brothers, often seen carrying a toy hammer.
  • Tod: One of Anton Veruca’s younger brothers, who always has a dazed expression and half-closed eyes.
  • Hud: One of Anton Veruca’s younger brothers.
  • Migu: Anton Veruca’s younger sister.
  • Hogi: Anton Veruca’s father.
  • Vera: Anton Veruca’s mother, the scariest member of the Veruca family.
  • Metal Sonic: A giant robotic version of Sonic created and piloted by Dr. Eggman.
  • Omelettes: Eggman’s robot assistant.

Other Characters

  • Patty: A fox girl.
  • Monica: A mouse girl.
  • Miss Wing: A fourth-grade teacher at Hedgehog Elementary School.

Publishing History

There are multiple Sonic-related manga releases in Shogakukan magazines between 1992 and 1994. Kenji Terada is credited for creating the concept of the manga series. The first serialized story strip titled simply “Sonic the Hedgehog” was written and illustrated by Sango Morimoto. It was first released in the April issue of Shogaku Ninensei in 1992.[3]Sonic the Hedgehog Museum 1992The Green Hill Zone. Retrieved on 1 April 2015.

In Shogakukan’s “Shogakukan no Gakushū Zasshi” (a series of study books aimed at children of several school grades), there are six editions aimed at primary school children: Shogaku Ichinensei (1st Grade), Shogaku Ninensei (2nd Grade), Shogaku Sannensei (3rd Grade), Shogaku Yonensei (4th Grade), Shogaku Gonensei (5th Grade), and Shogaku Rokunensei (6th Grade). Each edition targets its specific elementary school grade, from grade 1 to 6. Sonic made appearances in all of these at some point between 1992 and 1993. The styles vary: some drawings are in black and white, others are colored by computer, and some present a watercolor style.

However, rather than comics, the 4th-grade “Shogaku Yonensei” features illustrated prose stories titled “The Adventures of SONIC the Hedgehog” (ソニックの大冒険 Sonic no Daibōken). They are written by Kenji Terada and illustrated by Norihiro Matsubara and later Yoshihiko Ochi.

The Sonic manga series also ran in “Bessatsu CoroCoro Comic Special” and its holiday extra issues, which are also published by Shogakukan. Like Shogakukan’s previous Sonic-related stories, CoroCoro manga strips are based on the story concept of Kenji Terada. These stories are written and illustrated by Koichi Tanaka and ran from 1992 to 1994.

List of Serial Stories

To this day, the serialized manga remains obscure to many people outside of Japan, and original copies of the comic strips are extremely rare. Unlike the later “Dash & Spin Super Fast Sonic,” none of the serialized stories have been released as tankōbon (volumes). The following list is an incomplete set of translated, documented, or discovered stories.

Shogaku Ichinensei

A learning magazine for first grade elementary school children (ages 6-7) featured Sonic the Hedgehog from May 1992 to August 1993. Mitsuo Kimura wrote and illustrated the stories until January 1993, after which Sango Morimoto took over from February 1993 onward. The magazine was in full color.

Writer/ArtistCover dateRelease DatePage Nos.
May 1992127
June 1992111
July 1992121
August 199230
Mitsuo KimuraSeptember 199296
Mitsuo Kimura, Takase HiroshiOctober 199242-43
Mitsuo KimuraNovember 199266-67
Mitsuo Kimura, Takase HiroshiDecember 199226-27
Mitsuo Kimura, Takase HiroshiJanuary 199330 November 199260-61
Sango MorimotoFebruary 199328 December 199237-XX
Sango MorimotoMarch 199360-63
Sango MorimotoApril 199382-84
Sango MorimotoMay 19931 April 1993137-140
Sango MorimotoJune 19931 May 199392-94
Sango MorimotoJuly 19931 June 199391-93
Sango MorimotoAugust 19931 July 1993118-119

Shogaku Ninensei

A learning magazine for second grade elementary school children (ages 7-8) featured Sonic the Hedgehog from April 1992 to August 1993. Sango Morimoto wrote and illustrated all the stories. The magazine was in full color.

ChapterWriter/ArtistCover dateRelease DatePage Nos.
Chapter 1Sango MorimotoApril 199293-97
Chapter 2Sango MorimotoMay 19923 April 199215-20
Chapter 3Sango MorimotoJune 19922 May 1992147-151
Chapter 4Sango MorimotoJuly 19923 June 199224-30
Chapter 5Sango MorimotoAugust 19923 July 199214-20
Chapter 6Sango MorimotoSeptember 19923 August 1992145-149
Chapter 7Sango MorimotoOctober 19923 September 199230-35
Chapter 8Sango MorimotoNovember 199240-44
Chapter 9Sango MorimotoDecember 19922 November 199234-39
Chapter 10Sango MorimotoJanuary 199372-XX
Chapter 11Sango MorimotoFebruary 199386-XX
Chapter 12Sango MorimotoMarch 199368-72
Chapter 13Sango MorimotoApril 199393-XX
Chapter 14Sango MorimotoMay 199384-XX
Chapter 15Sango MorimotoJune 1993107-XXX
Chapter 16Sango MorimotoJuly 199398-1XX
Chapter 17Sango MorimotoAugust 1993205-2XX

Shogaku Sannensei

A learning magazine targeting third-grade elementary school children (ages 8-9). Sonic the Hedgehog appeared from the April 1992 issue to the August 1993 issue. All stories were written and illustrated by Hirokazu Hikawa. The magazine was in black and white.

ChapterWriter/ArtistCover dateRelease DatePage Nos.
Chapter 1Hirokazu HikawaApril 1992140-1XX
Chapter 2Hirokazu HikawaMay 1992136-1XX
Chapter 3Hirokazu HikawaJune 1992236-2XX
Chapter 4Hirokazu HikawaJuly 1992215-217
Chapter 5Hirokazu HikawaAugust 19923 July 1992193-195
Chapter 6Hirokazu HikawaSeptember 19923 August 1992153-155
Chapter 7Hirokazu HikawaOctober 19923 September 1992221-223
Chapter 8Hirokazu HikawaNovember 19923 October 1992204-206
Chapter 9Hirokazu HikawaDecember 19922 November 199271-XX
Chapter 10Hirokazu HikawaJanuary 1993153-1XX
Chapter 11Hirokazu HikawaFebruary 1993239-2XX
Chapter 12Hirokazu HikawaMarch 1993221-2XX
Chapter 13Hirokazu HikawaApril 1993206-2XX
Chapter 14Hirokazu HikawaMay 1993192-XXX
Chapter 15Hirokazu HikawaJune 1993140-1XX
Chapter 16Hirokazu HikawaJuly 1993144-1XX
Chapter 17Hirokazu HikawaAugust 1993124-1XX

Shogaku Yonensei

A learning magazine intended for fourth-grade elementary school children (ages 9-10). Instead of manga, this magazine featured an illustrated prose serial titled “The Adventures of SONIC the Hedgehog” (ソニックの大冒険 Sonic no Daibouken), which ran from the April 1992 issue to the August 1993 issue. All stories were written by Kenji Terada. Illustrations were provided by Norihiro Matsubara until the March 1993 issue, and Yoshihiko Ochi took over from the April 1993 issue onwards. The magazine was in black and white.

ChapterWriterArtistCover DateRelease DatePage Nos.
Chapter 1Kenji TeradaNorihiro MatsubaraApril 199296-101
Chapter 2Kenji TeradaNorihiro MatsubaraMay 19923 April 199295-101
Chapter 3Kenji TeradaNorihiro MatsubaraJune 19922 May 199251-57
Chapter 4Kenji TeradaNorihiro MatsubaraJuly 19923 June 199269-75
Chapter 5Kenji TeradaNorihiro MatsubaraAugust 19923 July 199261-67
Chapter 6Kenji TeradaNorihiro MatsubaraSeptember 19923 August 1992127-133
Chapter 7Kenji TeradaNorihiro MatsubaraOctober 19923 September 1992149-1XX
Chapter 8Kenji TeradaNorihiro MatsubaraNovember 1992167-1XX
Chapter 9Kenji TeradaNorihiro MatsubaraDecember 199223-25, 161-167
Chapter 10Kenji TeradaNorihiro MatsubaraJanuary 19931 December 1992195-XXX
Chapter 11Kenji TeradaNorihiro MatsubaraFebruary 1993181-1XX
Chapter 12Kenji TeradaNorihiro MatsubaraMarch 1993191-XXX
Chapter 13Kenji TeradaYoshihiko OchiApril 1993261-2XX
Chapter 14Kenji TeradaYoshihiko OchiMay 1993265-271
Chapter 15Kenji TeradaYoshihiko OchiJune 19931 May 1993245-251
Chapter 16Kenji TeradaYoshihiko OchiJuly 19933 June 1993223-229
Chapter 17Kenji TeradaYoshihiko OchiAugust 19933 July 1993241-247

Shogaku Gonensei

A learning magazine targeting fifth-grade elementary school children (ages 10-11). Sonic the Hedgehog appeared from the April 1992 issue to the August 1993 issue. All stories were written and illustrated by Hirokazu Hikawa. The magazine was in black and white.

ChapterWriter/ArtistCover DateRelease DatePage Nos.
Chapter 1Hirokazu HikawaApril 1992237-240
Chapter 2Hirokazu HikawaMay 1992237-2XX
Chapter 3Hirokazu HikawaJune 1992253-2XX
Chapter 4Hirokazu HikawaJuly 1992221-2XX
Chapter 5Hirokazu HikawaAugust 1992259-?
Chapter 6Hirokazu HikawaSeptember 1992231-2XX
Chapter 7Hirokazu HikawaOctober 1992111-1XX
Chapter 8Hirokazu HikawaNovember 1992142-1XX
Chapter 9Hirokazu HikawaDecember 1992138-1XX
Chapter 10Hirokazu HikawaJanuary 1993116-119
Chapter 11Hirokazu HikawaFebruary 199329 December 1992119-122
Chapter 12Hirokazu HikawaMarch 19936 February 1993218-2XX
Chapter 13Hirokazu HikawaApril 1993238-2XX
Chapter 14Hirokazu HikawaMay 1993114-?
Chapter 15Hirokazu HikawaJune 1993272-2XX
Chapter 16Hirokazu HikawaJuly 1993132-1XX
Chapter 17Hirokazu HikawaAugust 1993276-2XX

Shogaku Rokunensei

A learning magazine intended for sixth-grade elementary school children (ages 11-12). Sonic the Hedgehog appeared from the April 1992 issue to the August 1993 issue. All stories were written and illustrated by Sango Morimoto. The magazine was in black and white.

ChapterWriter/ArtistCover DateRelease DatePage Nos.
Chapter 1Sango MorimotoApril 1992108-1XX
Chapter 2Sango MorimotoMay 1992236-2XX
Chapter 3Sango MorimotoJune 1992236-2XX
Chapter 4Sango MorimotoJuly 1992106-1XX
Chapter 5Sango MorimotoAugust 1992106-1XX
Chapter 6Sango MorimotoSeptember 1992110-1XX
Chapter 7Sango MorimotoOctober 1992202-2XX
Chapter 8Sango MorimotoNovember 1992140-1XX
Chapter 9Sango MorimotoDecember 1992148-1XX
Chapter 10Sango MorimotoJanuary 199384-XX
Chapter 11Sango MorimotoFebruary 1993108-1XX
Chapter 12Sango MorimotoMarch 1993148-1XX
Chapter 13Sango MorimotoApril 1993204-2XX
Chapter 14Sango MorimotoMay 1993130-1XX
Chapter 15Sango MorimotoJune 1993146-1XX
Chapter 16Sango MorimotoJuly 1993124-1XX
Chapter 17Sango MorimotoAugust 1993136-1XX

Bessatsu CoroCoro Comic Special

A bimonthly sister publication to Shogakukan’s popular Gekkan CoroCoro Comic manga anthology magazine, primarily aimed at elementary school boys. Sonic the Hedgehog appeared from the August 1992 issue to the June 1994 issue. All stories were written and illustrated by Koichi Tanaka. The magazine was in black and white.

ChapterWriter/ArtistCover DateRelease DatePage Nos.
Chapter 1Koichi TanakaAugust 199230 June 1992226-245
Chapter 2Koichi TanakaOctober 199229 August 1992373-383
Chapter 3Koichi TanakaDecember 1992375-388
Chapter 4Koichi TanakaFebruary 199326 December 1992377-3XX
Chapter 5Koichi TanakaApril 1993313-325
Chapter 6Koichi TanakaJune 199330 April 1993
Chapter 7Koichi TanakaAugust 1993118-1XX
Chapter 8Koichi TanakaOctober 1993
Chapter 9Koichi TanakaDecember 1993
Chapter 10Koichi TanakaFebruary 1994
Chapter 11Koichi TanakaApril 1994503-516
Chapter 12Koichi TanakaJune 199430 April 1994

Gekkan CoroCoro Comic

Although the Sonic the Hedgehog manga was not included in the regular monthly issues, it was featured in two seasonal specials: the 1992 Summer Vacation Special Issue and the 1993 Spring Vacation Special Issue. Both stories were written and illustrated by Koichi Tanaka. The manga was presented in black and white.

Writer/ArtistCover DateRelease DatePage Nos.
Koichi TanakaSummer 19921992107-124
Koichi TanakaSpring 199323 March 199397-111

Related Releases

  • Sonic the Hedgehog Book (1992) – Features characters from the manga series. Written and illustrated by Sango Morimoto.
  • Sonic the Hedgehog 2: Mega Drive Official Guide Book (1992) – Contains a comic prologue to Sonic the Hedgehog 2, as well as two single-page gag comics. Written and illustrated by Sango Morimoto.


The manga series is notable for introducing early versions of Amy and Charmy Bee, who later became recurring characters in the video games. Amy Rose made her video game debut in Sonic the Hedgehog CD in 1993, while Charmy Bee debuted in Knuckles’ Chaotix in 1995.


  1. Overview of manga’s publication. Sonic the Hedgehog Manga. Archived from the original on 25 November 2011. Retrieved on 1 April 2015.
  2. Summer of Sonic 2013 – Kazuyuki Hoshino Q&AYouTube. The Sonic Show (4 August 2013).
  3. Sonic the Hedgehog Museum 1992The Green Hill Zone. Retrieved on 1 April 2015.